Items tagged “cancer”

49 results
Article

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common cancer of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most frequently diagnosed malignancies in adults. CT is the mainstay for colon cancer locoregional staging and MRI is the mainstay for rectal cancer locoregional staging. This article focuses on co...
Article

Esophageal carcinoma

Esophageal carcinoma is globally the 7th most common cancer and 6th most common cause of cancer-related death as per NCCN version 3.2023. It tends to present with increasing dysphagia, initially to solids and progressing to liquids as the tumor increases in size, obstructing the lumen of the eso...
Case

Apical post-radiotheraphy change

  Diagnosis almost certain
Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
72% complete
X-ray
Case

Canon-ball pulmonary metastases from breast cancer

  Diagnosis certain
Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
66% complete
X-ray
Case

Left upper zone metastasis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Jeremy Jones
Published 24 Oct 2009
41% complete
X-ray
Case

Esophageal stent

  Diagnosis almost certain
Jeremy Jones
Published 01 Mar 2010
41% complete
X-ray
Article

Primary cardiac tumors

Primary cardiac tumors are uncommon and comprise only a small minority of all tumors that involve the heart: most are mediastinal or lung tumors that extend through the pericardium and into the heart, or metastases 1. Epidemiology Primary cardiac tumors have an estimated autopsy prevalence of ...
Article

FIGO staging system

The FIGO staging systems are determined by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d’Obstétrique). In general, there are five stages: stage 0: carcinoma in situ (common in cervical, vaginal, and vulval cancer) stage I: confined to...
Article

Gleason score

The histological grading of prostate cancer has undergone many revisions, and for many years the primary system was the Gleason score, itself derived from the Gleason grade. In 2014, the Grade Group was introduced, and care must be taken to not confuse this with the Gleason grade. The Gleason g...
Article

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancers are the most common malignancy in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years. Epidemiology Testicular cancer is uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all internal organ malignancies 2. The commonest histology of the tumor varies with the age of affected individuals. Over 90...
Article

Metastases to testis

Metastases to testis are a very rare cause of a testicular mass and may be bilateral in up to 15% of patients.  Epidemiology Metastases to the testes are apparent in ~0.04% of autopsy studies in patients with known malignancy. The average age is 57 years, much older than the primary age for pr...
Article

Cancer staging list

Cancer staging involves a number of systems to help direct treatment and aid prognosis. The AJCC TNM staging schema is the most common, but other systems are used for specific malignancies or body parts. Breast breast cancer staging Chest lung cancer staging malignant pleural mesothelioma s...
Case

Scleroderma with esophageal cancer and peptic stricture

  Diagnosis almost certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 31 May 2010
79% complete
Barium
Case

Sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 08 Jun 2010
77% complete
CT
Case

Renal cell carcinoma with metastases

  Diagnosis almost certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 08 Jun 2010
76% complete
CT
Case

Gastric adenocarcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 12 Sep 2010
84% complete
Nuclear medicine CT
Case

Diffuse bone metastases - prostate cancer

  Diagnosis almost certain
Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 15 Nov 2010
56% complete
CT X-ray Nuclear medicine
Case

Esophageal adenocarcinoma

  Diagnosis almost certain
Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 02 Feb 2011
77% complete
Fluoroscopy CT
Article

Sister Mary Joseph nodule

A Sister Mary Joseph nodule is a metastatic lesion involving the umbilicus. The most common primary source is an intra-abdominal adenocarcinoma. Epidemiology Umbilical metastases are uncommon, reportedly present in 1-3% of all intra-abdominal and/or pelvic malignancy 7. Clinical presentation ...
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma - recurrence

  Diagnosis certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 20 Feb 2011
80% complete
Nuclear medicine CT

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