Items tagged “cardiac”

54 results found
Article

Total repair of tetralogy of Fallot

Total repair of tetralogy of Fallot is a corrective surgical procedure that involves closure of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) and relief of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction. Procedure Most patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) undergo elective surgical repair between ...
Article

Unifocalisation procedure

A unifocalisation procedure is a corrective surgical technique used in patients with complete pulmonary artery atresia with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs). In this technique, the collateral vessels supplying blood from the aorta directly to the lungs are brought into continuit...
Case

Repaired aortic coarctation

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Kylie Lopes Floro
Published 14 May 2016
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Tricuspid atresia

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 19 Sep 2016
83% complete
CT
Article

Coronary microvascular obstruction

Microvascular obstruction (MVO), also known as no reflow phenomenon, is an established complication encountered in coronary angioplasty for prolonged acute myocardial infarction.  Pathology The phenomenon results from obstruction of the myocardial microcirculation, which is composed of vessel...
Case

Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Azza Elgendy
Published 17 Nov 2016
92% complete
CT
Case

Tubular origin of right coronary artery

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Brian Gilcrease-Garcia
Published 21 Apr 2018
92% complete
CT
Case

Apical 4 chamber view - normal (transthoracic echocardiography)

 Diagnosis not applicable
David Carroll
Published 28 Aug 2018
47% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Right ventricular function (point of care ultrasound)

Right ventricular function is often measured in point-of-care ultrasonography as a composite of the right ventricular size, wall measurements, and contractile efforts.  Terminology The right ventricle (RV) can be anatomically divided into an inflow portion, an outflow portion, and an apex. Con...
Article

Athlete heart syndrome

Athlete heart syndrome refers to adaptations in both cardiac structure and function seen in people engaged in high-performance and endurance physical exercise. Epidemiology The prevalence of the condition has increased due to the increased popularity of recreational exercise, approx 3.6/100,00...
Article

Transesophageal echocardiography

A standard transesophageal echocardiography (TOE, or TEE in US English) is a type of ultrasound using an endoscopic transducer, which is advanced into the esophagus, offering generally superior visualization of the great vessels and posterior cardiac structures than the standard transthoracic ap...
Article

Brugada syndrome

A cardiac "channelopathy" resulting from mutations in genes coding for cardiac sodium (Na+) channels, the Brugada syndrome is a common cardiac cause of sudden death in patients with structurally normal hearts. Epidemiology Age of diagnosis ranges from 2 days to 84 years old. It is estimated to...
Article

De Winter pattern (electrocardiogram)

An electrocardiographic finding suggestive of impending myocardial infarction, the de Winter's pattern (or "de Winter's T-waves") describes an abnormality thought to be indicative of acute occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) 2. Timely recognition of this patt...
Article

Wolff parkinson white syndrome

The Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome describes paroxysmal tachydysrhythmias in the presence of a specific accessory pathway (AP) which allows direct electrical connection between the atria and ventricles, which usually exclusively occurs via the atrioventricular node. The accessory pathway is usua...

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