Items tagged “cases needed”
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Aphakia (less commonly aphacia) is the absence of the lens from the ocular globe. Pathology Etiology surgical removal of a cataract (commonest cause) trauma congenital Treatment and prognosis Surgical insertion of an intraocular lens implant, in which case the aphakic appearance is calle...
Appendiceal diverticulitis is a rare condition in which there is acute inflammation of a diverticulum arising from the vermiform appendix. Epidemiology Historically appendiceal diverticulitis has been thought to be a rare diagnosis. However a study from 2015 which retrospectively reviewed the ...
Imaging psoas sign (spondylodiskitis)
The imaging psoas sign is an MRI finding specific for spondylodiskitis and is seen as T2 hyperintensity in the psoas major muscle. The sign has a high sensitivity (92%) and specificity (92%) for spondylodiskitis and in the clinical context of a suspected infective process of the spine supports c...
Straight left heart border sign
Straight left heart border sign is a recently described finding on chest radiograph. It is a fairly specific (84%) sign of hemopericardium after a penetrating chest trauma, although sensitivity at 40% is relatively poor. Positive predictive value (PPV) was found to be 89% 1. It is different to ...