Items tagged “cases3”

319 results found
Article

Linear scleroderma

Linear scleroderma, also known as scleroderma en coup de saber, is a very focal form of scleroderma classically characterized by a linear band of atrophy involving the frontal or frontoparietal scalp and subjacent thinned calvaria associated with ipsilateral focal brain abnormalities.  In the b...
Article

Pelvic masses in females

Pelvic masses in females carry a broad differential diagnosis: benign adnexal cyst leiomyoma pelvic malignancy dermoid endometriosis pelvic inflammatory disease tubo-ovarian abscess hydrosalpinx pregnancy Extragynaecological masses, e.g. colorectal carcinoma, appendicular abscess, lymp...
Article

Diaphragm

The diaphragm is the dome-shaped muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity, enclosing the inferior thoracic aperture. Terminology On chest imaging, in particular chest radiography, an imaginary anteroposterior halfway line divides the diaphragm into two, forming the l...
Article

HELLP syndrome

HELLP syndrome is a pregnancy-related condition and is an abbreviation for: haemolysis elevated liver enzymes and  low platelets It is considered a severe and life-threatening form of pre-eclampsia although it can occur without co-existing pre-eclampsia.  Epidemiology The estimated inciden...
Article

Periosteal osteosarcoma

Periosteal osteosarcoma is a form of surface osteosarcoma.  Epidemiology It is the second most common type of juxtacortical or surface osteosarcoma after parosteal osteosarcoma and accounts for 1.5% of all osteosarcoma cases. It affects a slightly older age group (10-20 years) cf. conventional...
Article

Focal lymphoid hyperplasia of the lung

Focal lymphoid hyperplasia of the lung refers to an abnormal accumulation of non-malignant lymphocytic aggregates within the lung. Terminology Focal lymphoid hyperplasia of the lung was previously known as pulmonary pseudolymphoma. Epidemiology Associations Sjögren syndrome 4 Clinical pres...
Article

Hidradenitis suppurativa

Hidradenitis suppurativa, also known as acne inversa, is an inflammatory skin disease of unknown cause. It has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern, and androgen excess have been postulated. The disease is associated with Crohn disease and Dowling Degos disease.  Epidemiology Up to 4% of ...
Article

Maiden waist deformity

A maiden waist deformity or sign is a name given to the appearance when there is medial deviation of both ureters. This typically occurs in retroperitoneal fibrosis. In this condition, there is medial indrawing of the ureters due to deposition of fibrous tissue in the retroperitoneum at the leve...
Article

Bilobed testis

Bilobed testis, also known as incomplete unilateral polyorchidism, is a very rare congenital variant in children, and considered to be an incomplete form of polyorchidism. Epidemiology Associations malignancy cryptorchidism inguinal hernia hydrocele infertility varicocele testicular tor...
Article

Pulmonary blastomycosis

Pulmonary blastomycosis refers to respiratory infection with the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis. It is a pyogranulomatous fungal infection and the respiratory system is the commonest site of infection with this organism. The disease is endemic to North America. Clinical presentation There c...
Article

Supernumerary ribs

Supernumerary ribs occur most commonly as a cervical rib arising from C7 or a lumbar rib arising from L1. In extremely rare situations, there can be sacral, coccygeal, intrathoracic, or aberrant lumbar ribs 3. Rarely supernumerary ribs (cervical and lumbar ribs aside) have been found as 'normal'...
Article

Sports injuries - cricket

Cricket is a popular game in Commonwealth countries. Sports injuries in this game can be associated with three positional aspects of the game: bowling, batting or fielding. Radiologists should know the different kinds of injuries related to this game for a better clinical association. Injuries c...
Article

Unroofed coronary sinus

An unroofed coronary sinus, a.k.a. coronary sinus type ASD, is a rare variant of atrial septal defect (ASD). The atrial wall between the coronary sinus and left atrium is either partially or completely absent, resulting in a right-to-left shunt. It is associated with persistent left-sided super...
Article

Subcutaneous abscess

A subcutaneous abscess is a kind of soft tissue abscess and a manifestation of a spectrum of skin and soft tissue infections which also includes cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis. It is a form of abscess which lies within the dermis and subdermal cutaneous layers. Along with dental abscesses,...
Article

Retropulsed fragment

A retropulsed fragment is any vertebral fracture fragment that is displaced into the spinal canal, thereby potentially causing spinal cord injury. They usually arise from the vertebral body with or without a portion of the pedicle, and are displaced posteriorly, hence the prefix 'retro'.
Article

Nerve injury classification (MRI)

Nerve injury classification describes the various features of nerve injury on MRI with respect to pathological events. Classification neuropraxia grade I: there is increased T2/STIR signal in the nerve, however, the muscle appears normal recovery occurs within a few days to 3 months axono...
Article

Teardrop (disambiguation)

A teardrop or teardrop sign is used in several regions of the body: extension teardrop fracture of the cervical spine flexion teardrop fracture of the cervical spine pelvic teardrop teardrop sign (ankle) teardrop sign (inferior orbital wall fracture) teardrop sign (intracapsular breast imp...
Article

Epicardial lipomatosis

Epicardial lipomatosis or epicardial lipomatous hypertrophy is a form of cardiac lipomatosis and is characterized by the accumulation of non-encapsulated mature adipose tissue in the epicardial space due to hyperplasia of lipocytes. Its exact etiology is not known, but it may be associated with ...
Article

Kuru

Kuru is a human prion disease that occurred in parts of Papua New Guinea. It is an acquired disease, transmitted from cultural practices of mortuary feasts. Kuru was common before the 1960s with the last death reported in 2009. Unlike sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, cerebellar ataxia is a mo...
Article

Enthesis

An enthesis (plural: entheses), also known as a footprint, generally refers to the anatomic junction where connective tissue (e.g. ligament, tendon, joint capsule, bursa or a combination thereof) attach to bone. Entheses are commonly classified into two types 1: fibrous fibrocartilage Histol...

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.