Items tagged “chest”

58 results found
Article

Aberrant right subclavian artery

Aberrant right subclavian arteries (ARSA), also known as arteria lusoria, are the commonest of the aortic arch anomalies 2.  Epidemiology The estimated incidence is 0.5-2%. Clinical presentation They are often asymptomatic, but around 10% of people may complain of tracheo-oesophageal symptom...
Article

Variant anatomy of the aortic arch

Variant anatomy of the aortic arch occurs when there is failure of normal aortic development. It results in a number of heterogenous anomalies of the aorta and its branch vessels. Gross anatomy Normally, the aorta ascends in the superior mediastinum to the level of the sternal notch before arc...
Article

Golden S-sign (lung lobe collapse)

The Golden S-sign is seen on both PA chest radiographs and on CT scans. It is named because this sign resembles a reverse S shape, and is therefore sometimes referred to as the reverse S-sign of Golden. Although typically seen with right upper lobe collapse, the S-sign can also be seen with the...
Article

Askin tumour

The original description of the Askin tumour (by Askin and Rosai in 1979 1), and many studies following it have led to a great deal of confusion. Until recently it has been considered a separate entity or as a type of peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour, usually of the chest wall. Recen...
Article

Asbestos

Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals from mixture of calcium magnesium, iron, and sodium exploited commercially for their desirable physical properties, particularly their resistance to heat and burning. They all form thin elongated fibrous crystals, and can be manufact...
Case

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

 Diagnosis probable
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
50% complete
CT
Case

Kartagener syndrome

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Erik Ranschaert
Published 14 Jan 2011
86% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Left ventricular enlargement

Left ventricular enlargement can be the result of a number of condition, including: pressure overload hypertension aortic stenosis volume overload aortic regurgitation mitral regurgitation wall abnormalities left ventricular aneurysm hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Radiographic features P...
Case

Pulmonary tuberculosis

 Diagnosis possible
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 04 Jul 2011
35% complete
X-ray
Article

Right paratracheal stripe

The right paratracheal stripe is a normal finding on the frontal chest x-ray and represents the right tracheal wall, adjacent pleural surfaces and any mediastinal fat between them. It is visible because of the silhouette sign created by air within the trachea medially and air within the lung lat...
Article

Chest x-ray lines and stripes

Chest x-ray lines and stripes are important to recognise on chest radiographs.  Lines are usually less than 1mm in width and are comprised of tissue outlined on either side by air and typically represent pleural-covered structures within the middle and superior mediastinum 1, 2: anterior junct...
Case

Bronchiectasis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Barry Stevens
Published 02 Aug 2011
71% complete
X-ray
Case

Pleural effusion - ultrasonography

 Diagnosis certain
Dr M Osama Yonso
Published 29 Feb 2012
71% complete
X-rayUltrasound
Case

Pulmonary hilar masses

 Diagnosis probable
Dr M Osama Yonso
Published 09 Apr 2012
58% complete
X-rayUltrasound
Case

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma infiltrating the thoracic wall

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 02 May 2012
82% complete
MRICT
Article

Retrosternal airspace

The retrosternal airspace is seen as a normal lucency between the posterior aspect of the sternum and anterior aspect of the ascending aorta on lateral chest radiographs. This space normally measures less than 2.5 cm in width. Increased retrosternal airspace is a sign of pulmonary emphysema, whi...
Article

Cardiophrenic angle lesions

The cardiophrenic space is usually filled with fat. However, lesions originating above or lower to the diaphragm can present as cardiophrenic angle lesions. The more common lesions encountered include: pericardial fat pad pericardial cyst pericardial fat necrosis Morgagni's hernia lymphade...
Case

Luftsichel sign

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohammad Taghi Niknejad
Published 26 Nov 2012
87% complete
CTX-ray
Case

Bronchopleural fistula - postoperative complication

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Mohammad Taghi Niknejad
Published 29 Dec 2012
77% complete
CT
Case

Pancoast tumour

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohammad Taghi Niknejad
Published 30 Dec 2012
89% complete
CT

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