Items tagged “colon”

102 results found
Article

Descending colon

The descending colon is the continuation of the transverse colon after the left colic flexure, where the colon loses its mesentery.  Gross anatomy The descending colon measures up to 25 cm in length and is secondarily retroperitoneal. It descends down attached to the left posterior abdominal w...
Article

Sigmoid colon

The sigmoid colon is the continuation of the descending colon. Gross anatomy After the distal descending colon has curved medially it enters the pelvis, where it gains a mesentery and is then called the sigmoid colon. It measures approximately 15 cm in length.  It has a "S" (Greek letter sigm...
Article

Rectum

The rectum is the last part of the large intestine. It is located within the pelvis and is the continuation of the sigmoid colon after the rectosigmoid junction and continues as the anal canal at the anorectal angle created by puborectalis.  Gross anatomy At the level of the S3 vertebral body,...
Case

Inferior lumbar hernia

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Ahmed Abdrabou
Published 01 May 2013
65% complete
CT
Case

Pseudomembranous colitis

 Diagnosis probable
Dr David Cuete
Published 05 May 2013
56% complete
CT
Case

Carcinoma of sigmoid colon

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ahmed Abdrabou
Published 20 May 2013
56% complete
CT
Case

Diverticulitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr David Cuete
Published 30 May 2013
77% complete
CT
Case

Partial colectomy with iliocolic anastomosis

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Ahmed Abdrabou
Published 03 Aug 2013
48% complete
CT
Article

Toxic megacolon

Toxic megacolon is an acute complication that can be seen in both types of inflammatory bowel disease, and less commonly in infectious colitis and other types of colitis. It is due to fulminant colitis which causes loss of neurogenic tone of the colon leading to severe dilatation and increasing ...
Case

Pseudomembranous colitis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Bruno Di Muzio
Published 26 Sep 2013
83% complete
CT
Case

Krukenberg metastasis from rectosigmoid carcinoma

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ahmed Abdrabou
Published 11 Feb 2014
71% complete
CT
Case

Chilaiditi sign on CT

 Diagnosis certain
Dr David Cuete
Published 25 Feb 2014
80% complete
CT
Case

Small left colon syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Eric F Greif
Published 12 Jul 2014
91% complete
Fluoroscopy
Case

Perforated, malignant large bowel obstruction due to cecal distension and venous ischemia

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr. Chris O'Donnell
Published 30 Jul 2014
68% complete
CT
Article

Juvenile polyposis syndrome

Juvenile polyposis syndrome, also referred as familial juvenile polyposis, is one of the polyposis syndromes and consists of hundreds of juvenile polyps. Epidemiology Presentation in the second decade is most common 2. Clinical presentation Rectal bleeding, bowel obstruction and intussuscept...
Article

Fibrosing colonopathy

Fibrosing colonopathy a condition characterized by progressive submucosal fibrosis, particularly of the proximal colon. It is associated with high dose lipase supplementation used to treat exocrine insufficiency of the pancreas, such as in treatment for cystic fibrosis. Epidemiology It is more...
Case

Perforated diverticulitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Thuan Tzen, Koh
Published 26 Apr 2015
80% complete
CT
Case

Pseudomembranous colitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr David Cuete
Published 21 Apr 2015
77% complete
CT
Case

Cecal volvulus with iatrogenic complication

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Matthew Jarvis
Published 28 May 2015
65% complete
CT
Article

Colonic transit study

The colonic transit study is an older technique to estimate colonic transit time.  Terminology Various names are used for this type of study including shapes study, colon motility test, Sitz marker study and Transit-Pelletsmethod, and variations thereof.  Indications In constipation, it can ...