Items tagged “congenital”

75 results found
Article

Intestinal malrotation

Intestinal malrotation is a congenital anatomical anomaly that results from an abnormal rotation of the gut as it returns to the abdominal cavity during embryogenesis. In incomplete rotation, the midgut does not rotate more than 180°, thus cephalad (prearterial or proximal) portion of the midgu...
Case

Double superior vena cava

  Diagnosis probable
Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Mar 2009
45% complete
CT
Case

Mucopolysaccharidoses

  Diagnosis certain
Charudutt Jayant Sambhaji
Published 29 Mar 2009
72% complete
X-ray
Case

Pelviureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction

  Diagnosis almost certain
Michael Sargent
Published 05 Apr 2009
58% complete
MRI
Case

Duodenal web

  Diagnosis certain
Michael Sargent
Published 06 Apr 2009
66% complete
Barium
Article

Atrial septal defect

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the second most common congenital heart defect after ventricular septal defect (VSD). Diagnosis is often delayed until adulthood when complications arise such as atrial arrhythmias or pulmonary hypertension. The radiologist may be the first to suggest the diagnosis ...
Article

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a type of cardiomyopathy defined by left ventricular hypertrophy which cannot otherwise be explained by another cardiac or systemic disease. It is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in infants, teenagers, and young adults. Terminology Although hypert...
Case

Membranous choanal atresia

  Diagnosis almost certain
Paresh K Desai
Published 11 Sep 2009
56% complete
CT
Article

Transposition of the great arteries

Transposition of the great arteries (TGA), also known as transposition of the great vessels (TGV), is the most common cyanotic congenital cardiac anomaly presenting during the newborn period, with cyanosis in the first 24 hours of life. It occurs as a result of ventriculoarterial discordance, w...
Article

Cardiac rhabdomyoma

Cardiac rhabdomyomas are a type of benign myocardial tumor and are considered the most common fetal cardiac tumor. They have a strong association with tuberous sclerosis. Epidemiology Cardiac rhabdomyomas are often multiple and can represent up to 90% of cardiac tumors in the pediatric populat...
Case

Sprengel deformity

  Diagnosis certain
Angela Byrne
Published 11 Nov 2009
90% complete
CT X-ray
Case

Atrial septal defect

  Diagnosis certain
Jeremy Jones
Published 06 Jan 2010
88% complete
X-ray
Article

18q deletion syndrome

18q deletion syndrome is a rare chromosomal anomaly where there is a deletion of part of the long arm of chromosome 18. Associated symptoms and findings vary widely, as do their severity. Characteristic clinical features include short stature, intellectual disability, hypotonia, facial, and dist...
Article

Aberrant left pulmonary artery

Aberrant left pulmonary artery, also known as pulmonary sling, represents an anatomical variant characterized by the left pulmonary artery arising from the right pulmonary artery and passing above the right main bronchus and in between the trachea and esophagus to reach the left lung. It may lea...
Case

Sacral agenesis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Paresh K Desai
Published 21 Sep 2010
69% complete
X-ray
Case

Crossed-fused renal ectopia

  Diagnosis possible
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
50% complete
CT
Case

Midgut volvulus

  Diagnosis almost certain
Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 11 Dec 2010
71% complete
X-ray Fluoroscopy
Article

Bladder exstrophy

Bladder exstrophy (also known as ectopia vesicae) refers to a herniation of the urinary bladder through an anterior abdominal wall defect. The severity of these defects is widely variable. Epidemiology The estimated incidence of bladder exstrophy is 1:10,000-50,000 live births 3,5. There is a ...
Case

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation

  Diagnosis almost certain
Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 18 May 2011
65% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Intralobar pulmonary sequestration

  Diagnosis almost certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 14 Jul 2011
77% complete
CT