Items tagged “core condition”

311 results found
Article

Aortic intramural haematoma

Aortic intramural haematoma (IMH) is an atypical form of aortic dissection due to haemorrhage into the wall from the vasa vasorum without an intimal tear. It is part of the acute aortic syndrome spectrum. Epidemiology Typically aortic intramural haematomas are seen in older hypertensive patien...
Article

Caecal volvulus

Caecal volvulus describes torsion of the caecum around its mesentery which often results in obstruction. If unrecognised, it can result in bowel perforation and faecal peritonitis. Epidemiology Caecal volvulus accounts for ~10% of all intestinal volvuluses, and generally occur in somewhat youn...
Article

Croup

Croup, also called acute laryngotracheobronchitis is due to viral infection of the upper airway by parainfluenza virus or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). On imaging, although not required for the diagnosis, it classically presents with a narrowing of the subglottic airway and ballooning of t...
Article

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy refers to the implantation of a fertilised ovum outside of the uterine cavity. Epidemiology The overall incidence has increased over the last few decades and is currently thought to affect 1-2% of pregnancies. The risk is as high as 18% for first trimester pregnancies with bl...
Article

Ischaemic colitis

Ischaemic colitis refers to inflammation of the colon secondary to vascular insufficiency and ischaemia. It is sometimes considered under the same spectrum as intestinal ischaemia. The severity and consequences of the disease are highly variable. Epidemiology Ischaemic bowel is typically a dis...
Article

Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis

Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), also known as nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, is a complication of gadolinium-based contrast agents used in imaging studies. It is characterised by "firm, erythematous, and indurated plaques of the skin associated with subcutaneous oedema" 1. Eventually, f...
Article

Scaphoid fracture

Scaphoid fractures (i.e. fractures through the scaphoid bone) are common, in some instances can be difficult to diagnose, and can result in significant functional impairment. Epidemiology Scaphoid fractures account for 70-80% of all carpal bone fractures 1. Although they occur essentially at a...
Article

AAST spleen injury scale

The 1994 revision of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) splenic injury scale is the most widely used grading system for splenic trauma at the time of writing (late 2016).  Classification grade I subcapsular haematoma <10% of surface area capsular laceration <1 cm depth...
Article

Subarachnoid haemorrhage

Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is one of the types of extra-axial intracranial haemorrhage and denotes the presence of blood within the subarachnoid space. Epidemiology Patients tend to be older middle age, typically less than 60 years old 2. Subarachnoid haemorrhage accounts for 3% of stroke ...
Article

Subdural haemorrhage

Subdural haemorrhage (SDH) is a collection of blood accumulating in the subdural space, the potential space between the dura and arachnoid mater of the meninges around the brain. SDH can happen in any age-group, is mainly due to head trauma and CT scans are usually sufficient to make the diagnos...
Article

Thoracic aortic injury

Thoracic aortic injury is the most common type of traumatic aortic injury and is a critical life-threatening, and often life ending event. It can result from either blunt or penetrating trauma: blunt trauma (more common) rapid deceleration (eg. motor vehicle accident, fall from great height) ...
Article

Perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage

Perimesencephalic subarachnoid haemorrhage (PMSAH) is a distinct pattern of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), which is centred on the basal cisterns around the midbrain. Epidemiology PMSAH is rare with an incidence of 0.5 in 100 000 in adults 4. PMSAH represents 5-10% of all subarachnoid haemorr...
Case

Burst lumbar fracture

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Sep 2008
83% complete
X-rayMRI
Article

Renal vascular pedicle injury

Renal vascular pedicle injury  is a severe form of renal trauma, which if not recognised and treated expediently with lead to the loss of the kidney.  Radiographic features CT Contrast enhanced CT is the Imaging modality of choice. On CT it is recognised as a non-enhaning kidney. Perirenal ha...
Article

Intracerebral haemorrhage

An intracerebral haemorrhage, or intraparenchymal cerebral haemorrhage, is a subset of an intracranial haemorrhage. This can encompass a number of entities that share the acute accumulation of blood in the parenchyma of the brain. The aetiology, epidemiology, treatment and prognosis vary widely ...
Article

Sigmoid volvulus

Sigmoid volvulus is a cause of large bowel obstruction and occurs when the sigmoid colon twists on its mesentery, the sigmoid mesocolon. Epidemiology Large bowel volvulus accounts for ~5% of all large bowel obstructions, with ~60% of intestinal volvulus involving the sigmoid colon 6. It is mor...
Case

Intussusception

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 03 Jul 2009
82% complete
X-rayUltrasoundFluoroscopy
Case

Lipohaemarthrosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
69% complete
X-rayAnnotated image
Article

Necrotising enterocolitis

Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal condition in premature neonates, and continues to have significant mortality and morbidity. Epidemiology NEC usually develops 2-3 days following birth, with 90% developing within the first 10 days of life 4. The incidence is i...
Case

Intestinal malrotation

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 04 Jan 2010
82% complete
Barium

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