Items tagged “emergency medicine”

111 results found
Case

Traumatic small bowel injury

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 04 Nov 2013
83% complete
CT
Case

Aspirated tooth

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 11 Nov 2013
80% complete
X-rayAnnotated image
Case

Right tentorium cerebelli subdural haematoma

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 28 Nov 2013
95% complete
CT
Article

Pronator quadratus sign

The pronator quadratus sign can be an indirect sign of distal forearm trauma. It relies on displacement of the fat pad that lies superficial to the pronator quadratus muscle. Radiographic appearance Plain radiograph On lateral wrist radiographs, the pronator fat pad normally appears a thin ra...
Article

Renal vascular pedicle injury

Renal vascular pedicle injury  is a severe form of renal trauma, which if not recognised and treated expediently with lead to the loss of the kidney.  Radiographic features CT Contrast enhanced CT is the Imaging modality of choice. On CT it is recognised as a non-enhaning kidney. Perirenal ha...
Article

Diaphragmatic rupture

Diaphragmatic rupture often results from blunt abdominal trauma. The mechanism of injury is typically a motor-vehicle accident. Epidemiology Given that the most common mechanism is motor vehicle collisions, it's perhaps unsurprising that young men are most frequently affected. Estimated incide...
Case

Ischaemic gut

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 27 Mar 2014
95% complete
CT
Case

Chest stabbing

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 04 May 2014
92% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Sternoclavicular joint dislocation

Sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) dislocation is rare, accounting for only ~2% of joint dislocations and especially when compared to other traumatic upper limb injuries such as clavicular fractures.  Clinical presentation Most cases result from indirect trauma 5, especially high-speed motor vehicle...
Article

Posterior dislocation of the hip

Posterior dislocations of the hip, although uncommon, are the most common direction of dislocation for this joint, outnumbering anterior dislocations 9:1. Pathology It most frequently occurs in the setting of significant trauma, given the large amount of force required. The most common scenari...
Article

Femoral artery pseudoaneurysm

Femoral artery pseudoaneurysms are usually iatrogenic as the femoral artery is the vessel of choice for most endovascular arterial interventions. Pathology Aetiology iatrogenic anticoagulation therapy inadequate compression following endovascular intervention improper arterial puncture tec...
Case

Ischemic (low flow) priapism

Transverse image ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 19 Dec 2014
85% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Renal angiomyolipoma

Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are a type of benign renal neoplasm and are composed of vascular, smooth muscle and fat elements. They can spontaneously haemorrhage, which can be fatal. AMLs usually have characteristic radiographic appearances.  Epidemiology Angiomyolipomas are the most common be...
Case

Osteomyelitis (first digit proximal phalanx)

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Derek Smith
Published 28 Dec 2014
75% complete
X-ray
Article

Cerebral venous thrombosis

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) refers to occlusion of venous channels in the cranial cavity, including dural venous thrombosis, cortical vein thrombosis and deep cerebral vein thrombosis. They often co-exist and the clinical presentation among them is very similar and nonspecific. Furthermore,...
Article

Diffuse gallbladder wall thickening (differential)

Diffuse thickening of the gallbladder wall can occur in a number of situations. They include: cholecystitis acute cholecystitis chronic cholecystitis gallbladder empyema 7 xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis acalculous cholecystitis postprandial physiological state (pseudothickening) sec...
Article

Acute cholecystitis

Acute cholecystitis refers to the acute inflammation of the gallbladder. It is the primary complication of cholelithiasis and the most common cause of acute pain in the right upper quadrant (RUQ). Clinical presentation Constant right upper quadrant pain that can radiate to the right shoulder. ...
Case

Ovarian torsion

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 26 Jan 2015
98% complete
CTMRIUltrasoundAnnotated image
Article

Frostbite

Frostbite is a focal tissue injury from exposure to extreme cold temperatures, most commonly involves the fingers and toes. It is most commonly encountered in radiology in a differential for acro-osteolysis. Pathology Tissue injury from frostbite occurs in two ways 1: direct tissue necrosis f...
Article

Small bowel folds (differential)

Regular, smooth generalised thickening oedema congestive cardiac failure (CCF) hypoalbuminaemia lymphatic obstruction angioneurotic oedema infection radiation ischaemia haemorrhage anticoagulation or bleeding diasthesis vasculitidies Henoch-Schonlein purpura Buerger disease graft v...

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