Items tagged “emergency”

74 results found
Article

Right heart strain

Right heart strain (or more precisely right ventricular strain) is a term given to denote the presence of right ventricular dysfunction usually in the absence of an underlying cardiomyopathy. It can manifest as an acute right heart syndrome. Pathology Right heart strain can often occur as a re...
Case

L5/S1 disc protrusion

 Diagnosis certain
Derek Smith
Published 02 Feb 2015
95% complete
MRI
Case

Extradural hemorrhage

 Diagnosis certain
UoE Radiology
Published 03 Feb 2015
100% complete
CT
Case

Traumatic brain injury

 Diagnosis certain
UoE Radiology
Published 04 Feb 2015
100% complete
CTAnnotated image
Case

Spinal fracture with cauda equina syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
UoE Radiology
Published 04 Feb 2015
100% complete
MRIAnnotated imageCT
Case

Right MCA Infarction (teaching)

 Diagnosis certain
UoE Radiology
Published 04 Feb 2015
98% complete
CT
Article

Skull fractures (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Skull fractures usually occur following significant head injury and may herald underlying neurological pathology. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on skull fractures. Summary anatomy...
Case

Infrarenal aortic aneurysm

 Diagnosis certain
Derek Smith
Published 18 Aug 2015
92% complete
CT
Article

Midline shift

One of the most important indicators of increased intracranial pressure due to mass effect is midline shift. Pathology Any intra-axial or extra-axial lesion (tumor, hemorrhage, abscess, etc.) has the potential to exert mass effect on the brain parenchyma and cause lateral shift of the midline ...
Article

Acute coronary syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a group of cardiac diagnoses along a spectrum of severity due to the interruption of coronary blood flow to the myocardium, which in decreasing severity are: ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) unstable an...
Article

Pneumothorax (ultrasound)

Pneumothorax is a serious potential consequence of blunt thoracic trauma and, if misdiagnosed, it may quickly become life-threatening. For a discussion on epidemiology, clinical presentation, pathology, and treatment and prognosis please see the main pneumothorax article.  Radiographic feature...
Article

Congestive cardiac failure

Congestive cardiac failure (CCF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF) or simply heart failure, refers to the clinical syndrome caused by inherited or acquired abnormalities of heart structure and function, causing a constellation of symptoms and signs that lead to decreased quality and ...
Article

Geneva score

The Geneva score is a clinical decision rule used to estimate the pre-test probability of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients in which this diagnosis was considered. The criteria were originally published by the clinical team of the Geneva University Hospital in 2001 1, and revised and simplifie...
Case

Right sided colonic diverticulitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Sami Elhinnawi
Published 15 Aug 2017
75% complete
CTAnnotated image
Article

Aortic valve regurgitation

Aortic valve regurgitation, also known as aortic valve insufficiency or aortic valve incompetence, is a valvulopathy that describes leaking of the aortic valve during diastole that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction from the aorta and into the left ventricle. Epidemiology Aortic reg...
Case

Endotracheal tube in right main bronchus

 Diagnosis certain
Derek Smith
Published 20 Dec 2017
100% complete
X-ray
Article

Wellens syndrome

Wellens syndrome (also referred to as LAD coronary T-wave syndrome) refers to an ECG pattern specific for critical stenosis of the proximal left anterior descending (LAD artery  +/- resultant myocardial infarction in this territory.  The anomalies described occur in patients with recent anginal...
Article

Acetabular fracture

Acetabular fractures are a type of pelvic fracture, which may also involve the ilium, ischium or pubis depending on fracture configuration. Epidemiology Acetabular fractures are uncommon. The reported incidence is approximately 3 per 100,000 per year. This study reported a 63% to 37% male to f...
Article

Pre-eclampsia

Pre-eclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy involving new-onset hypertension (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg) and involvement of one or more other organ systems. Epidemiology Pre-eclampsia affects up to 8% of pregnancies 1. Risk factors diabetes mellitus 2 chronic hypertension ...
Article

Massive pulmonary embolism

A massive pulmonary embolism (PE) represents the most severe manifestation of venous thromboembolic disease when classified on a continuum of hemodynamic derangement. Diagnostic criteria Massive PE is usually characterized by an acute pulmonary embolism accompanied by one or more of the follo...