Items tagged “emergencymedicine”

258 results found
Article

Petrous apicitis

Petrous apicitis, also known as apical petrositis, is infection with involvement of bone at the very apex (petrous apex) of the petrous temporal bone. Epidemiology Petrous apicitis is less common than it once was, on account of the widespread and early use of antibiotics for acute otomastoidit...
Article

Portal venous gas

Portal venous gas is the accumulation of gas in the portal vein and its branches. It needs to be distinguished from pneumobilia, although this is usually not too problematic when associated findings are taken into account along with the pattern of gas (i.e. peripheral in portal venous gas, centr...
Article

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis

Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE), also known as a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), (plural: epiphyses) is a relatively common condition affecting the physis of the proximal femur in adolescents. It is one of the commonest hip abnormalities in adolescence and is bilateral in ~20% o...
Article

Solitary bone cyst of the mandible

Solitary bone cysts of the mandible (also known as traumatic bone cyst of the jaw, hemorrhagic cyst of the mandible, extravasation cyst, progressive bone cavity or unicameral bone cyst) are an uncommon nonepithelial lined lucent mandibular lesion. It is one of a myriad of potential mandibular le...
Article

Tendon pathology

A number of processes can cause tendon pathology and there is a discrepancy in terminology reflecting the unclear pathophysiology.  Terminology tendinopathy: general umbrella term for pain and swelling of a tendon 2,3 tendinitis previously popular term largely replaced by tendinopathy 3 now...
Case

Gunshot wound to humerus

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 May 2008
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Fracture dislocation of middle finger

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 May 2008
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Frontal scalp laceration

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 21 Jun 2008
65% complete
MRI
Case

Caroticocavernous fistula (direct)

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jul 2008
69% complete
DSA (angiography)
Article

Pneumothorax

Pneumothorax, sometimes abbreviated to PTX, (plural: pneumothoraces) refers to the presence of gas (often air) in the pleural space. When this collection of gas is constantly enlarging with resulting compression of mediastinal structures, it can be life-threatening and is known as a tension pneu...
Case

Complete disc and ligamentous disruption

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Sep 2008
59% complete
CT
Article

Pott puffy tumor

Pott puffy tumor refers to a non-neoplastic complication of acute sinusitis. It is characterized by a primarily subgaleal collection, subperiosteal abscess, and osteomyelitis. It is usually related to the frontal sinus but is sometimes secondary to mastoid pathology. Rarer etiologies include tr...
Case

Ruptured globe

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 06 Jan 2009
68% complete
CT
Case

Spinal stenosis and cord compression

 Diagnosis certain
Dr G Balachandran
Published 28 Feb 2009
77% complete
MRI
Case

Stabbing of the skull with hemorrhage

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 01 Mar 2009
72% complete
CT
Article

Splenomegaly

Splenomegaly refers to enlargement of the spleen. The upper limit of the normal adult splenic length is traditionally cited at 12 cm, but lengths upwards of 14 cm can be seen in normal, taller males 7. Terminology Massive splenomegaly is variably defined, including when the spleen is 5 standar...
Case

Extradural hematoma

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Apr 2009
83% complete
CT
Case

Gunshot wound to head

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Apr 2009
69% complete
X-ray
Article

Intracerebral hemorrhage

An intracerebral hemorrhage, or intraparenchymal cerebral hemorrhage, is a subset of an intracranial hemorrhage and encompasses a number of entities that have in common the acute accumulation of blood within the parenchyma of the brain. The etiology, epidemiology, treatment and prognosis vary wi...
Article

Annular fissure

Annular fissures are a degenerative deficiency of one or more layers that make up the annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral disc.  Terminology Many authors prefer the term "annular fissure" over "annular tear", as the latter seems to imply acute injury 1,2. In the setting of severe trauma wit...