Items tagged “emergencymedicine”

258 results found
Article

Retropharyngeal abscess

Retropharyngeal abscess is a potentially life-threatening infection involving the retropharyngeal space which requires prompt diagnosis and aggressive therapy. Epidemiology Retropharyngeal abscesses are most frequently encountered in children, with 75% of cases occurring before the age of 5 ye...
Article

Ulnar impaction syndrome

Ulnar impaction syndrome, also known as ulnar abutment or ulnocarpal impaction or loading, is a painful degenerative wrist condition caused by the ulnar head impacting upon the ulnar-sided carpus with the injury to the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). Differentiation from ulnar impinge...
Case

Transorbital penetrating brain injury

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 29 May 2010
81% complete
MRICT
Case

Scapholunate dissociation

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 30 May 2010
86% complete
CTX-ray
Article

Lobar nephronia

Lobar nephronia, also known as acute focal nephritis, refers to an intermediate stage between acute pyelonephritis and renal abscess, and is a focal region of interstitial nephritis.  It appears as a wedge of poorly perfused renal parenchyma, without a cortical rim sign. The condition is discu...
Article

Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (mnemonic)

The causes of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema can be recalled with the following mnemonic: NOT CARDIAC Mnemonic NOT CARDIAC N: near drowning O: O2 therapy/post-intubation pulmonary edema T: trauma/transfusion (TRALI: transfusion-related acute lung injury) C: CNS: neurogenic pulmonary ede...
Article

Bone infarction

Bone infarction is a term used to refer to osteonecrosis within the metaphysis or diaphysis of a bone. Necrosis is a type of cell death due to irreversible cell injury, which can be recognized microscopically by alterations in the cytoplasm (becomes eosinophilic) and in the nucleus (swelling, py...
Case

Hangman fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 05 Jul 2010
75% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Intraventricular bleed with skull base fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 02 Aug 2010
80% complete
CT
Case

Diffuse axonal injury and extra-axial bleed

Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 02 Aug 2010
62% complete
CT
Case

Extradural hematoma

 Diagnosis certain
Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 10 Aug 2010
77% complete
CT
Article

Large joint dislocation

Large joint dislocations are a frequent presentation to emergency departments. Described in descending order of commonality: shoulder dislocation elbow dislocation posterior dislocation of the hip knee dislocation
Case

Foreign body - knife in liver

 Diagnosis certain
Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 25 Aug 2010
88% complete
X-ray
Case

Perilunate dislocation

 Diagnosis certain
Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 05 Sep 2010
63% complete
X-ray
Article

Sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease (SCD) (historically also known as drepanocytosis) is a hereditary (autosomal recessive) condition resulting in the formation of abnormal hemoglobin (a hemoglobinopathy), which manifests as multisystem ischemia and infarction, as well as hemolytic anemia.  Hemoglobin SC (HbSC...
Article

Susac syndrome

Susac syndrome, also known as retinocochleocerebral vasculopathy or SICRET syndrome (small infarctions of cochlear, retinal and encephalic tissue), is a rare syndrome typically affecting young to middle-aged women that is clinically characterized by the triad of acute or subacute encephalopathy,...
Article

Skeletal muscle edema on MRI (differential)

The presence of skeletal muscle edema (increased high T2/STIR signal) on MRI carries an extremely broad differential. Potential diagnoses include: trauma effects of direct injury or tear denervation injury: denervation changes in muscles early myositis ossificans inflammatory myopathies de...
Case

Birth trauma - right clavicle fracture

 Diagnosis certain
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
60% complete
X-ray
Case

Birth trauma - femur fracture

 Diagnosis certain
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
63% complete
X-ray
Case

Non-accidental trauma

 Diagnosis almost certain
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
72% complete
X-ray