Items tagged “ent”

39 results found
Article

Vocal cord paralysis

Vocal cord paralysis/paresis (VCP), also known as vocal fold paralysis/paresis, refers to the impaired mobility of the true vocal cord or fold due to neurologic dysfunction. Clinical presentation Unilateral vocal cord paralysis usually presents with dysphonia (hoarseness), characterized as a b...
Article

Parapharyngeal abscess

Parapharyngeal abscesses are deep neck abscesses involving the parapharyngeal space. It is a serious medical condition, potentially fatal, and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Epidemiology A person of any age can develop a parapharyngeal abscess, but it is most commonly seen in childre...
Case

Sialolithiasis - submandibular gland

  Diagnosis certain
Maulik S Patel
Published 06 Sep 2013
94% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis refers to inflammation of any of the tonsils and is one of the most common head and neck infections in adolescents and young adults. Clinical presentation Patients may present with a variety of symptoms including painful throat (may be unilateral), dysphagia, fevers, tender cervica...
Case

Laryngeal trauma - left submucosal glottic hematoma

  Diagnosis certain
Chris O'Donnell
Published 15 Mar 2014
83% complete
Annotated image CT
Article

First branchial cleft cyst

First branchial cleft cysts are a type of branchial cleft anomaly. They are uncommon and represent only ~7% of all branchial cleft cysts. Epidemiology First branchial cleft cysts are usually diagnosed in middle-aged women 3-4.  Clinical presentation Their presentation can be in the form of 3...
Article

Sensorineural hearing loss

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) refers to deafness secondary to conditions affecting the inner ear, internal acoustic canal, cerebellopontine angle, or vestibulocochlear nerve. It an be classified audiometrically into two types sensory (cochlear) neural (retrocochlear)  Pathology Conditio...
Case

Laryngeal tumor - squamous cell carcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Derek Smith
Published 06 Jan 2015
92% complete
X-ray Annotated image CT
Case

Pyriform fossa squamous cell carcinoma with necrotic nodal metastases

  Diagnosis almost certain
Craig Hacking
Published 08 Jan 2016
65% complete
CT
Article

Epistaxis

Epistaxis (plural: epistaxes) is the medical term for a nosebleed, and is very common in clinical practice with a broad differential diagnosis. Anterior epistaxes mainly bleed from Kiesselbach's plexus and posterior epistaxes (5% of all epistaxis) from Woodruff's plexus. Epidemiology Epistaxis...
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: with cystic lymphadeopathy

  Diagnosis certain
Henry Knipe
Published 31 Mar 2016
92% complete
Ultrasound CT
Case

Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Henry Knipe
Published 14 Jun 2016
89% complete
MRI CT
Case

Aggressive fungal sinusitis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Fakhry Mahmoud Ebouda
Published 08 Jul 2016
77% complete
CT
Article

Chronic otomastoiditis with ossicular erosions

Chronic otomastoiditis with ossicular erosions, also known as non-cholesteatomatous ossicular erosions or post-inflammatory ossicular erosions, is defined by the erosive changes involving the middle ear ossicles in the absence of cholesteatoma in a patient with a history of chronic otomastoiditi...
Article

Chronic otomastoiditis with tympanosclerosis

Chronic otomastoiditis with tympanosclerosis represents calcific foci within the middle ear or tympanic membrane secondary to suppurative chronic otomastoiditis. Pathology Tympanosclerosis reflects deposits of hyalinized collagen in the tympanic cavity. It can manifest as unifocal or multifoca...
Case

Cochlear aplasia

  Diagnosis certain
Jane McEniery
Published 29 Apr 2020
89% complete
MRI
Article

Inferior turbinate hypertrophy

Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is one of many causes of nasal obstruction and can be a contributing factor to obstructive sleep apnea.  Pathology Etiology allergic rhinitis (most common) vasomotor rhinitis drug-induced rhinitis Treatment and prognosis Pharmacological treatment (e.g. topic...
Article

Anterior ethmoidal notch

The anterior ethmoidal notch contains the anterior ethmoidal artery and has significant rates of anatomic variation that is seen during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Gross anatomy The anterior ethmoidal notch lies in the medial wall of the superomedial orbit, adjacent to the ante...
Article

Glottic web

Glottic webs are focal narrowings of the airway due to the formation of a membranous connection at the level of the true vocal folds 1. Clinical presentation Symptoms include exercise intolerance, dysphonia, hoarseness, stridor, respiratory distress and airway obstruction7. Infants may also p...