Items tagged “eponymous”

18 results found
Article

Colles fracture

Colles fractures are very common extra-articular fractures of the distal radius that occur as the result of a fall onto an outstretched hand. They consist of a fracture of the distal radial metaphyseal region with dorsal angulation and impaction, but without the involvement of the articular surf...
Article

Haglund syndrome

Haglund syndrome refers to the triad (Haglund's triad) of insertional Achilles tendinopathy retrocalcaneal bursitis Haglund deformity (i.e. posterosuperior calcaneal exostosis) This results in pain at the back of the heel. It is associated with calcaneal spurs, and the wearing of high heels ...
Article

Monteggia fracture-dislocation

Monteggia fracture-dislocations consist of a fracture of the ulnar shaft with concomitant dislocation of the radial head. The ulnar fracture is usually obvious, whereas the radial head dislocation can be overlooked, with potentially serious functional and medico-legal ramifications.  Mechanism ...
Article

Roberts syndrome

Roberts syndrome, also known as Roberts-SC phocomelia syndrome, pseudothalidomide syndrome, or Appelt-Gerken-Lenz syndrome, is a rare congenital malformation syndrome. Clinical presentation general intrauterine growth restriction postnatal growth retardation failure to thrive thrombocytope...
Article

Wilms tumour

Wilms tumour, also known as nephroblastoma, is a malignant paediatric renal tumour. Epidemiology Wilms tumours are the most common paediatic renal mass, accounting for over 85% of cases 1,8 and accounts for 6% of all childhood cancers 2. It typically occurs in early childhood (1-11 years) with...
Article

Dietrich disease

Dietrich disease is the eponymous name given to osteonecrosis involving a metacarpal head 1. Epidemiology The condition is rare and most often spontaneous but may be associated with trauma, systemic lupus erythematosus or steroid use. Any metacarpal may be affected however the long metacarpals...
Article

Kienböck disease

Kienböck disease is the eponymous name given to osteonecrosis involving the lunate. It is often referred to as lunatomalacia.  Epidemiology The age distribution for Kienbock disease depends on gender. The condition is most common within the dominant wrist of young adult men where it appears to...
Case

Galeazzi fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 04 Oct 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Article

Chauveaux–Liet angle

The Chauveaux–Liet angle (CL angle) is represented by the difference between the angle of verticalization (α) and morphologic angle (β) of the calcaneus (CL angle = α − β). Angle α is the calcaneal pitch angle or angle of verticalization of calcaneus described as the intersection of the baselin...
Case

Colles fracture

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Nov 2010
85% complete
X-ray
Article

Eloesser flap

Eloesser flap is a single stage procedure for the treatment of severe pleural empyema, and involves a U-shaped incision and the resection of a number of subjacent posterolateral ribs. The U-shaped flap is then folded into the pleural space creating a permanent communication.  Unlike the Clagett...
Article

Paget disease (disambiguation)

Paget disease can refer to either:  Paget disease of bone Paget disease of breast History and etymology Both conditions are named after Sir James Paget (1814-1899) 1, British surgeon and pathologist. 
Article

F. P. Weber syndrome

F. P. Weber syndrome (FPWS) is a traditional eponymous denomination of a certain type of angiodysplasia, that would nowadays rather be called a mixed haemolymphatic congenital vascular malformation (CVM) with arteriovenous (AV) shunting, based on the Hamburg classification of CVMs. In his origi...
Article

Ortner syndrome

Ortner syndrome, also known as cardiovocal syndrome, is characterised by hoarse voice resulting from left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy secondary to a cardiovascular disorder. Pathology Left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in this condition is due to traction or compression of the nerve betw...
Article

Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis, more commonly known as just polio, (and in the older literature, Heine-Medin disease) is a once common but now rare disease resulting from infection by the poliovirus. Most infected individuals develop no or non-serious symptoms as a result of the infection, but ~1% will develop l...
Article

Hip (Dunn view)

The Dunn view is a radiographic projection of the hip that demonstrates and examines the hip joint, femoral head, acetabulum, and particularly the relationship of the femoral head and acetabulum. The Dunn view is the preferred projection to aid and diagnose femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) du...
Article

Sven-Ivar Seldinger

Sven-Ivar Seldinger (1921-1998) is primarily remembered for the invention of his revolutionary technique.  Early life Sven-Ivar Seldinger was born in Mora, Dalarna, Sweden on 19th April 1921 5. He attended medical school at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm graduating in 1948. His training...
Article

Charles Thurstan Holland

Charles Thurstan Holland (1863-1941) was a pioneering radiologist who played a pivotal role in establishing radiology as a specialty in its own right. Early life Charles Thurstan Holland was born in Bridgwater, Somerset on March 7th, 1863. He studied medicine at University College Hospital...

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