Items tagged “figures”

170 results found
Article

Osteochondral allograft transplantation

Osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) is a tissue-based cartilage reconstruction or replacement method which can be also performed for chondral and osteochondral lesions of larger size. History Allograft replacement of osteochondral lesions was first described back in 1908 1. Indicati...
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Cartilage repair

Cartilage repair and reconstruction comprises different surgical methods for the restoration of the chondral surface within different diarthrodial joints, with the goal to promote cartilage healing, alleviate patient symptoms as well as enable them to return to daily activities and sports and pr...
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Superomedial calcaneonavicular ligament

The superomedial calcaneonavicular ligament is a stabilizer of the longitudinal arch of the foot and one of three components of the spring ligament complex 1,2. Gross anatomy The superomedial calcaneonavicular ligament connects the sustentaculum tali with the superomedial part of the navicular...
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Inferoplantar longitudinal ligament

The inferoplantar longitudinal ligament is one of three components of the spring ligament complex, which stabilizes the longitudinal arch of the foot and supports the head of the talus 1,2. Gross anatomy The inferoplantar longitudinal ligament connects the lateral part of the coronoid fossa of...
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Medioplantar oblique ligament

The medioplantar oblique ligament is one of three components of the spring ligament complex, stabilizing the longitudinal arch of the foot 1,2. Gross anatomy The medioplantar oblique ligament connects the calcaneal coronoid fossa to the navicular bone and runs plantar in relation to the supero...
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Radioscaphocapitate ligament

The radioscaphocapitate ligament is one of the intracapsular, extrinsic palmar radiocarpal ligaments and a volar stabilizer of the wrist 1-3. Gross anatomy The radioscaphocapitate ligament connects the palmar surface of the distal radius with the scaphoid and the capitate bone, running in an o...
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Short radiolunate ligament

The short radiolunate ligament is one of the intracapsular, extrinsic palmar radiocarpal ligaments and a volar stabilizer of the wrist and the lunate bone 1-4. Gross anatomy The short radiolunate ligament forms a part of the volar radiocarpal joint capsule and connects the palmar surface of th...
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Ulnolunate ligament

The ulnolunate ligament is one of the intracapsular, extrinsic palmar ulnocarpal ligaments and a component of the ulnocarpal complex 1-4. Gross anatomy The ulnolunate ligament forms the anterior part of the ulnocarpal joint capsule together with the ulnotriquetral ligament, with which it share...
Article

Ulnotriquetral ligament

The ulnotriquetral ligament is one of the intracapsular extrinsic palmar ulnocarpal ligaments and a component of the ulnocarpal complex 1-4. Gross anatomy The ulnotriquetral ligament forms the anterior and ulnar part of the ulnocarpal joint capsule together with the ulnolunate ligament, with w...
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Ulnocapitate ligament

The ulnocapitate ligament is the most superficial of the three extrinsic palmar ulnocarpal ligaments and a volar stabilizer of the ulnocarpal complex 1-3. Gross anatomy The ulnocapitate ligament is the only ulnocarpal ligament directly attaching to the ulnar head. It runs superficial to the ul...
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Anterior oblique ligament of the thumb

The anterior oblique ligament of the thumb is one of several carpometacarpal ligaments of the thumb and also one of its main stabilizers 1. Terminology The anterior oblique ligament of the thumb is also known as the ‘beak ligament’. It can be divided into a superficial and a deep component and...
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Dorsal deltoid ligament complex of the thumb

The dorsal deltoid ligament complex of the thumb encases the first carpometacarpal joint from the dorsal and radial aspect and is considered a primary stabilizer of the first carpometacarpal joint. Gross anatomy The dorsal deltoid ligament complex of the thumb consists of the following three c...
Article

Ulnar collateral ligament of the wrist

The ulnar collateral ligament of the wrist is an extrinsic dorsal ulnocarpal ligament and functions as a part of the triangular fibrocartilage complex as an ulnar stabilizer of the wrist 1-3. Gross anatomy The ulnar collateral ligament connects the ulnar styloid al process with the triquetrum ...
Article

Radial collateral ligament of the wrist

The radial collateral ligament or radioscaphoid ligament is one of the intracapsular, extrinsic radiocarpal ligaments and a radial stabilizer of the wrist 1-3. Gross anatomy The radial collateral ligament connects the radial styloid process with the scaphoid running in a fan-shaped, fairly lon...
Article

Posterior malleolus fracture

Posterior malleolus fractures, also known as Volkmann fractures, are fractures of the posterior segment of the tibial plafond and a common occurrence in the setting of bimalleolar or trimalleolar ankle fractures. Epidemiology Posterior malleolar fractures occur in up to 46% of type Weber B or ...
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Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid ligament

The scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) ligament is one of the intracapsular, intrinsic midcarpal ligaments 1-3. Gross anatomy The scaphotrapeziotrapezoid ligament connects the distal pole of the scaphoid with the trapezium and trapezoid bones in a V-shaped fashion. 1-3. Attachments The scaphotrap...
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Trocar technique

The trocar technique is a common technique for surgical procedures and interventional placement of tubes and drainage where instruments, tubes or drains are advanced to the target location through a fixed cannula or hollow tube namely the trocar, which acts as a portal in the process. History ...
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Cartilage injury (overview)

The term cartilage injury or articular cartilage injury summarizes a spectrum of different cartilage lesions that are usually used in the context of hyaline cartilage damage within diarthrodial joints. In a narrower sense, the term cartilage injury describes types of articular injury with spari...
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Myocardial ischemia

Myocardial ischemia refers to the result of a mismatch between myocardial oxygen supply and demand as a consequence of the cessation of blood flow resulting in reversible injury or myocardial cell death if prolonged associated with a loss of contractile function. Epidemiology The total prevale...
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End-diastolic volume

The end-diastolic volume (EDV) is referred to as the volume of blood in the left or right ventricle at the end of the diastolic filling phase immediately before the beginning of systole. The end-diastolic volume index (EDVI) is the end-diastolic volume corrected for the body surface area (BSA). ...