Items tagged “figures”

117 results found
Article

Descending genicular artery

The descending genicular artery (DGA) is one of the arteries of the knee joint and participates in the vascularization of the superomedial structures of the knee including the patella network. Summary location: knee origin: distal femoral artery branches: saphenous, muscular and osteoarticul...
Article

Recurrent tibial arteries

Anterior recurrent tibial artery Origin and course arises near the posterior tibial recurrent artery ascends in tibialis anterior, ramifies on the front and sides of the knee joint and joins the patellar network, anastomosing with the inferior lateral genicular branch of the popliteal artery ...
Article

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) describes a clinical syndrome of impaired adduction in one eye with dissociated horizontal nystagmus of the other abducting eye, due to a lesion in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) ipsilateral to the eye unable to adduct. It is a common finding in multi...
Article

Journal of the Faculty of Radiologists

The Journal of the Faculty of Radiologists (ISO4: J Fac Radiol) was the official scientific periodical of the Faculty of Radiologists from 1949-1959. In 1960 it changed its name to Clinical Radiology. It was published by John Wright & Sons Ltd 7.  History In July 1949 the first issue of volume...
Article

Posterior oblique ligament of the knee

The posterior oblique ligament (POL) belongs to the medial supporting structures of the knee and is one of the five components of the posteromedial corner (PMC) of the knee. Gross anatomy It is located posterior to the medial collateral ligament (MCL) and is composed of the intermediate and de...
Article

Double ACL sign

The double anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sign describes a curvilinear, low signal intensity bandlike structure paralleling the anterior cruciate ligament 1-3 and is of rare occurrence 1.   It can be seen in bucket-handle meniscal tears from either the medial or lateral meniscus 1-3. Dependin...
Article

Tibiospring ligament

The tibiospring ligament belongs to the medial supporting structures of the ankle and is considered to be one of the four superficial components of the deltoid ligament 1. Gross anatomy It is located superficial to the deep anterior tibiotalar ligament, anterior to the tibiocalcaneal ligament ...
Article

Tibiocalcaneal ligament

The tibiocalcaneal ligament belongs to the medial supporting structures of the ankle and is one of the four superficial components of the deltoid ligament 1-3. Gross anatomy The tibiocalcaneal ligament is located superficial to the deep posterior tibiotalar ligament, posterior to the tibiospri...
Article

Tibionavicular ligament

The tibionavicular ligament is the most anterior of the four superficial components of the deltoid ligament 1-3. Gross anatomy The tibionavicular ligament is located superficial to the deep anterior ligament, and the trochlea of the talus, and runs in a fan-like fashion to the navicular bone 1...
Article

Superficial posterior tibiotalar ligament

The superficial posterior tibiotalar ligament (SPTTL) is the most posteriorly located superficial component of the four superficial components of the deltoid ligament 1-3. Gross anatomy The superficial posterior tibiotalar ligament is located superficial to the deep posterior tibiotalar ligame...
Article

Deep posterior tibiotalar ligament

The deep posterior tibiotalar ligament (DPTTL) is one of the two deep components and the strongest part of the deltoid ligament 1,2. Gross anatomy The deep posterior tibiotalar ligament is covered by the superficial posterior tibiotalar and tibiocalcaneal ligaments. It is a broad and thick lig...
Article

Anterior tibiotalar ligament

The anterior tibiotalar ligament (ATTL) is the weaker of the deep components of the deltoid ligament 1,2. Gross anatomy The anterior tibiotalar ligament is covered by the tibionavicular and tibiospring ligaments. It is a short and thin ligament that connects the medial tibial malleolus to the ...
Article

Trochlear depth

Trochlear depth (TD) measures the depth of the trochlear groove in relation to the femoral condyles. Usage Trochlear depth is used for the assessment of trochlear dysplasia, a dysplastic deformity of the femoral head, which is a known risk factor for patellofemoral instability 1-6. A review o...
Article

Ventral trochlear prominence

Ventral trochlear prominence (VTP) describes and measures the bony surplus in the anterior femoral surface at the most superior or proximal aspect of the trochlea. Usage Ventral trochlear prominence is used for the assessment of trochlear dysplasia, a risk factor for patellofemoral instability...
Article

Medial condyle trochlear offset

Medial condyle trochlear offset (MCTO) is a measurement to assess the height of the medial trochlear facet with respect to the trochlear groove 1. Usage Medial condyle trochlear offset has been described for the assessment of trochlear dysplasia in skeletally immature patients 1. It measures a...
Article

Meniscotibial ligaments

The meniscotibial ligaments, also known as coronary ligaments, attach the knee menisci to the tibial plateau 1-6 and have a role in rotatory knee stability and anterior tibial translation 7-10. Gross anatomy The meniscotibial ligaments attach the menisci to the tibial condyles at various locat...
Article

MRI of the knee (an approach)

Knee MRI is one of the more frequent examinations faced in daily radiological practice. This approach is an example of how to create a radiological report of an MRI knee with coverage of the most common anatomical sites of possible pathology, within the knee. Systematic review A systematic rev...
Article

Anterolateral recess of the ankle joint

The anterolateral recess of the ankle joint also known as the anterolateral gutter is a triangular or pyramidal formed topographical space of the anterolateral aspect of the ankle 1-4. Gross anatomy The space may contain joint fluid in asymptomatic individuals and is defined by the following a...
Article

Myocardial area at risk

The myocardial area at risk (AAR) is defined by the ischemic proportion of the myocardium after coronary occlusion and reflects the potential size of the myocardial infarction 1-9. Usage The assessment of the myocardial area at risk is an important measure in the evaluation of the potentially ...
Article

Transverse tibiofibular ligament

The transverse tibiofibular ligament is part of the tibiofibular syndesmosis. Gross anatomy The transverse ligament is a thick round ligament, which takes a horizontal course between the posterior tibia and the edge of the lateral malleolar fossa distal to the posterior tibiofibular ligament a...

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