Items tagged “gastroenterology”
9 results found
Oesophageal perforation is a rare but serious medical emergency with a very high mortality rate, especially if the diagnosis is delayed. Epidemiology Most patients are in their 60s with a slight male predominance 5. Clinical presentation If a perforation is not detected during the procedure...
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is defined as that occurring distal to the ligament of Treitz (i.e. from the jejunum, ileum, colon, rectum or anus) and presenting as either haematochezia (bright red blood/clots or burgundy stools) or melaena. Epidemiology The incidence of lower gastroin...
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a diagnostic and interventional procedure technique using both endoscopy and fluoroscopy for examination and intervention of the biliary tree and pancreatic ducts. It is typically performed by doctors with endoscopic qualifications (e.g. g...
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: gastric ulcer
Published 25 Sep 2015
N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate pulmonary embolism and left adrenal venous infarction
Published 20 Jan 2016
Diagnosis almost certain
Published 19 Jan 2016
Bleeding peptic ulcer
Published 02 Mar 2016
Jejunoileal fold pattern reversal
Jejunoileal fold pattern reversal (a.k.a. jejunisation of the ileum) is one of the signs of coeliac disease, and is seen on small bowel follow-through studies as well as CT. The pattern is one of increased number of ileal folds and reduced number of jejunal folds 1,2, and is considered positive ...
Complications post optical colonoscopy
Complications post optical colonoscopy are most commonly assessed by CT if patients present with abdominal symptoms post colonoscopy. Complications include: bowel perforation (most common) pneumoperitoneum pneumoretroperitoneum pneumomediastinum pneumothorax lower gastrointestinal haemorrh...