Items tagged “gastrointestinal”

13 results found
Article

Stomach

The stomach is a muscular organ that lies between the esophagus and duodenum in the upper abdomen. It lies on the left side of the abdominal cavity caudal to the diaphragm at level of T10. Gross anatomy The stomach ("normal" empty volume 45 mL) is divided into distinct regions: cardia: the ar...
Article

Adynamic ileus

Adynamic ileus is the failure of passage of enteric contents through the small bowel and colon that are not mechanically obstructed. Essentially it represents the paralysis of intestinal motility. Clinical presentation Patients may be asymptomatic or present with symptoms similar to a mechanic...
Case

Neo-terminal ileal stricture (Crohn disease)

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Derek Smith
Published 23 Jan 2015
80% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Normal ileocecal junction

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 27 Jan 2015
56% complete
FluoroscopyCTAnnotated image
Article

Afferent loop syndrome

Afferent loop syndrome is an intermittent partial or complete mechanical obstruction of the afferent limb of a gastrojejunostomy. The syndrome classically refers to obstruction of the upstream limb of a side-to-side gastrojejunostomy, but has also been used to refer to the biliopancreatic limb ...
Article

Blind loop syndrome

Blind loop syndrome (or "blind pouch syndrome") is an event that may occur after an end-to-end or end-to-side bowel anastomosis. Dilatation and stasis of the bypassed bowel may lead to bacterial overgrowth, breakdown of bile salts, and result in nutritional problems. It may even eventually lead ...
Article

Barrett esophagus

Barrett esophagus is a term for intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus. It is considered the precursor lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Epidemiology Barrett esophagus is thought to have a prevalence of 3-15% in patients with reflux esophagitis. Mean age at diagnosis is 55 years old 5. Ris...
Case

Congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Kewal Arunkumar Mistry
Published 08 Mar 2015
91% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Peroral pneumocolon

Peroral pneumocolon is a technique that can be used during a small bowel follow through (SBFT) to better visualize the ascending colon and terminal ileum. Procedure The goal of a peroral pneumocolon is to create a double contrast study (oral contrast and gas) of the ascending colon and termina...
Case

Button battery esophageal impaction

 Diagnosis certain
Dr David Chang
Published 19 Jul 2018
91% complete
X-ray
Case

Small bowel (ultrasound)

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr David Carroll
Published 30 Sep 2018
60% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG)

A radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is a procedure where a tube is inserted percutaneously in the stomach, principally to provide nutritional support for patients with swallowing disorders 1. Indications inadequate oral intake due to dysphagia (neurologic disorder, oesophagal obstructi...

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