Items tagged “heart”

49 results found
Article

Cardiac blood pool scan

A multi-gated (MUGA) cardiac blood pool scan (sometimes just called a MUGA scan) is a common study performed in patients who are receiving potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy.  Indications acute myocardial infarction (AMI) coronary artery disease (CAD) evaluation after coronary artery bypas...
Article

Hypertension

Hypertension refers to an increase in blood pressure above the 'normal' for the age, sex and ethnicity of the patient. This can be specified according to the vascular system involved. systemic hypertension pulmonary hypertension portal hypertension
Article

Hoffman-Rigler sign (heart)

The Hoffman-Rigler sign is a sign of left ventricular enlargement inferred from the distance between the inferior vena cava (IVC) and left ventricle (LV).​ Radiographic features On a lateral chest radiograph, if the distance between the left ventricular border and the posterior border of IVC e...
Article

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is an illness caused by an immunological reaction following group A streptococcal infection.  Epidemiology Risk factors include: children and adolescents aged 5 to 15 years. developing nations where antibiotic prescription is low 1. poverty, overcrowding Clinical presentati...
Article

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is an illness caused by an immunological reaction following group A streptococcal infection.  Epidemiology Risk factors include: children and adolescents aged 5 to 15 years. developing nations where antibiotic prescription is low 1. poverty, overcrowding Clinical presentati...
Article

Systemic hypertension

Systemic hypertension is defined medically as a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg. Pathology Causes essential hypertension: idiopathic (95%) secondary hypertension: underlying cause identified (5%) Causes of secondary hypertension: renal acute glomerulopathies chronic renal failure...
Article

Straight back syndrome

Straight back syndrome refers to decreased thoracic kyphosis ("flattening") and decreased anteroposterior thoracic diameter, such that there is compression of cardiovascular or bronchial structures.  It should not be confused with flat back syndrome, which refers to decreased thoracic kyphosis,...
Article

Atrial septal defect

Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are the second most common congenital heart defect after ventricular septal defects and the most common to become symptomatic in adulthood. They are characterised by an abnormal opening in the atrial septum allowing communication between the right and left atria. Du...
Case

Pericardial effusion

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Nov 2009
95% complete
CT
Article

Acyanotic congenital heart disease

Acyanotic congenital heart disease comprises numerous aetiologies, which can be divided into those with increased pulmonary vascularity (pulmonary plethora) and those with normal vascularity: increased pulmonary vascularity ventricular septal defect (VSD) atrial septal defect (ASD) atriovent...
Case

Atrial myxoma

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Feb 2010
92% complete
X-rayCTMRI
Article

Right coronary artery

The right coronary artery (RCA) is one of the two main coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygenated blood. Gross anatomy Origin It is a branch of the ascending aorta, with its normal origin in the right aortic sinus, just superior to the aortic valve Course The RCA courses to th...
Article

Primary cardiac tumours

Primary cardiac tumours are uncommon, and comprise only a small minority of all tumour that involve the heart: most are mediastinal or lung tumours which extend through the pericardium and into the heart, or metastases 1. Epidemiology Primary cardiac tumours have an estimated autopsy prevalenc...
Article

Primary benign cardiac tumours

Primary benign cardiac tumours are much less common than secondary metastatic deposits. However they are more likely when a cardiac mass is seen outside of the setting of terminal metastatic disease. Tumours include 1-2: cardiac myxoma most common in adults accounts for ~50% of all primary be...
Article

Primary malignant cardiac tumours

Primary malignant cardiac tumours are rare, and account for only ~25% of primary cardiac tumours, and only a small proportion of all malignant tumours which involve the heart: direct extension of adjacent tumours or metastatic deposits are far more common. Histologcal types include 1:  cardiac ...
Case

Cardiac myxoma (gross pathology)

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 29 Mar 2010
41% complete
Photo
Case

Renal osteodystrophy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 09 Jul 2010
70% complete
CT
Case

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyo...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 31 Jul 2010
90% complete
X-rayNuclear medicine
Article

Cor triatriatum

Cor triatriatum is an extremely rare and serious congenital cardiac anomaly.  Epidemiology It is thought to account for ~0.1% of all congenital cardiac anomalies 3,4.  Clinical presentation Clinical presentation depends on: degree of stenosis in the fibromuscular membrane the integrity of ...
Case

Dilated cardiomyopathy

DCM
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 18 Sep 2010
56% complete
X-rayCT

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