Items tagged “heart”

44 results found
Article

Straight back syndrome

Straight back syndrome refers to loss of the normal thoracic kyphosis. Individuals with this condition can present with a cardiac murmur due to compression of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) 2.   There is questionable association with mitral valve prolapse 1. 
Article

Cardiac blood pool scan

A multi-gated (MUGA) cardiac blood scan scan is a common study performed in patients who are receiving potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy.  Indications acute myocardial infarction (AMI) coronary artery disease (CAD) evaluation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery cardiomyopathy / my...
Article

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder caused by type II hypersensitivity reaction following group A beta haemolytic streptococcus pharyngeal infection. Cross reaction of antibodies against protein M with other cells glycoproteins leads to involvement of other organs such as he...
Article

Hypertension

Hypertension refers to an increase in blood pressure. This can be specified according the vascular system involved. systemic hypertension pulmonary hypertension portal hypertension
Article

Systemic hypertension

Systemic hypertension is defined medically as a blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg. Pathology Causes essential hypertension: idiopathic (95%) secondary hypertension: underlying cause identified (5%) Causes of secondary hypertension: renal acute glomerulopathies chronic renal failure...
Article

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever is a multisystemic inflammatory disorder caused by type II hypersensitivity reaction following group A beta haemolytic streptococcus pharyngeal infection. Cross reaction of antibodies against protein M with other cells glycoproteins leads to involvement of other organs such as he...
Article

Hoffman-Rigler sign

The Hoffman-Rigler sign is a sign of left ventricular enlargement where an approximation of the distance between the inferior vena cava (IVC) and left ventricle is used.​ Radiographic features On a lateral chest radiograph, if the distance between the left ventricular border and the posterior ...
Case

Atrial myxoma

Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Feb 2010
95% complete
X-rayCTMRI
Article

Right coronary artery

The right coronary artery (RCA) is one of the two main coronary arteries that supply the heart with oxygenated blood. Gross anatomy Origin The RCA arises from the right coronary sinus as one of only two branches of the ascending aorta. Course The RCA courses to the right in the right atrio...
Article

Primary cardiac tumours

Primary cardiac tumours are uncommon, and comprise only a small minority of all tumour that involve the heart: most are mediastinal or lung tumours which extend through the pericardium and into the heart, or metastases 1. Epidemiology Primary cardiac tumours have an estimated autopsy prevalenc...
Article

Primary benign cardiac tumours

Primary benign cardiac tumours are much less common than secondary metastatic deposits. However they are more likely when a cardiac mass is seen outside of the setting of terminal metastatic disease. Tumours include 1-2: cardiac myxoma most common in adults accounts for ~50% of all primary be...
Article

Primary malignant cardiac tumours

Primary malignant cardiac tumours are rare, and account for only ~25% of primary cardiac tumours, and only a small proportion of all malignant tumours which involve the heart: direct extension of adjacent tumours or metastatic deposits are far more common. Histologcal types include 1:  cardiac ...
Case

Cardiac myxoma: gross pathology

Cardiac myxoma

I...
Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 29 Mar 2010
29% complete
Photo
Case

Renal osteodystrophy

Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Al Salam
Published 09 Jul 2010
70% complete
CT
Case

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dilated cardiomyo...
Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Al Salam
Published 31 Jul 2010
90% complete
X-rayNuclear medicine
Case

Dilated cardiomyopathy

DCM
Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Al Salam
Published 18 Sep 2010
56% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Dilated cardiomyopathy

DCM
Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Al Salam
Published 18 Sep 2010
54% complete
X-ray
Case

Pericardial effusion

Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Nov 2009
95% complete
CT
Article

Congenital absence of the pericardium

To be merged with pericardial agenesis Congenital absence of the pericardium is rare, and although often asymptomatic, can result in mechanical impairment of cardiac function and even death.  Clinical presentation In most cases of isolated absence of the pericardium, patients are asymptomati...
Article

Cardiac amyloidosis

Cardiac amyloidosis is a significant source of morbidity among patients with systemic amyloidosis, and is the most common cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy outside the tropics. Amyloidosis represents the extra-cellular deposition of insoluble fibrillar proteinaceous material in various organs...

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