Items tagged “historical”

11 results

5-tier ACR system of radiologic breast findings (historical)

The 5-tier ACR system was a previously used system for the classification of radiologic breast findings, proposed by the American College of Radiology (ACR) ref. It is no longer in use having been superseded by the 6-tier BI-RADS classification system first published in 1992 1. Classification ...

Meningeal hemangiopericytoma (historical)

Hemangiopericytomas of the meninges are rare tumors of the meninges, now considered to be an aggressive form of solitary fibrous tumors of the dura. They often present as large and locally aggressive dural masses, frequently extending through the skull vault. They are difficult to distinguish on...

Lung cancer (staging - IASLC 7th edition) (historical)

The IASLC (International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer) 7th edition lung cancer staging system was proposed in 2010 and has now been updated and superseded by the 8th edition, published in 2016. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) used to be staged di...

Small cell lung cancer (staging) (historical)

Previously, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) was not staged in the same manner as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but since 2013 both are staged using the IASLC (International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer) lung cancer staging system.  The idea behind a different staging system for ...

History of breast augmentation

Breast augmentation (also known as augmentation mammaplasty) for cosmetic enlargement has been performed for well over a century. Below is a brief summary of its history.  Breast augmentation was first attempted in the 19th century, when in 1895, Czerny transplanted a patient’s lipoma to her br...


Plombage, also known as extraperiosteal or extrapleural pneumonolysis, is a historical treatment method for cavitary tuberculosis of the upper lobes of the lungs. It was used in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s prior to the introduction of effective antituberculous drugs, when treatment of tuberculos...

Thoracic plombage

  Diagnosis certain
Jan Frank Gerstenmaier
Published 02 Mar 2013
98% complete
X-ray CT

St. Anne-Mayo grading system of astrocytomas (historical)

The St. Anne-Mayo grading system, also known as the Daumas-Duport grading system, introduced in 1988 was for a time a popular system for grading diffuse astrocytomas but has now been replaced by the WHO grading system which, however, was derived from the St Anne-Mayo system and thus shares many ...

International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver classification of renal neoplasia (historical)

The International Society of Urological Pathology Vancouver classification of renal neoplasia is a now-outdated classification of renal tumors published in 2013. It formed the basis for the WHO classification of tumors of the kidney published in 2016. For reference, the ISUP Vancouver classifica...


Pneumoencephalography is an obsolete imaging technique that allowed evaluation of the contours of the brain and ventricles by the deliberate introduction of air into the subarachnoid space. This was achieved initially by a needle passed directly into the ventricles (via the fontanelles or a bur...

Jewett-Strong-Marshall tumor staging system

Jewett-Strong-Marshall tumor staging system for bladder cancer is of historic interest only and has been superseded by the TNM staging system. stage 0: epithelial stage A: submucosal invasion but no involvement of muscle i.e. lamina propria stage B: bladder wall or muscle invasion B1: superf...