Items tagged “hiv”

22 results found
Article

White matter changes in HIV

White matter changes in HIV have overlapping appearances and varied in aetiology. These can be divided into: primary effects of HIV opportunistic infection neoplasms vascular disease metabolic and nutritional disorders Primary effects of HIV HIV encephalitis Opportunistic infection cyto...
Article

Cytomegalovirus encephalitis

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) encephalitis is a CNS infection that almost always develops in the context of profound immunosuppression.  This article focus on adult infection, CMV is also one of the most frequent prenatal infections. Please, refer on congenital CMV infection for further discussion on t...
Case

CMV ventriculitis

CMV FLAIR
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Jan 2009
71% complete
MRI
Case

HIV encephalitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 20 Nov 2009
68% complete
MRI
Article

Toxoplasmosis vs lymphoma

It is a relatively common occurrence for radiologists to be asked to distinguish between cerebral toxoplasmosis and primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) in patients with HIV/AIDS. Treatment is clearly different and thus accurate interpretation of CT and MRI is essential. In many instances appearances a...
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 04 May 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 27 Aug 2010
91% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Benign lymphoepithelial lesions in HIV

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 03 Sep 2010
68% complete
UltrasoundMRI
Article

HIV/AIDS (CNS manifestations)

The CNS manifestations of HIV/AIDS (neuroAIDS) occur secondary to a wide range of neurodegenerative, infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic processes.  Epidemiology Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996, there has been a shift in the epidemiology of CN...
Article

HIV/AIDS (cardiovascular manifestations)

Cardiovascular manifestations are seen with increased frequency in the HIV/AIDS adult population, and include: pericardial effusions dilated cardiomyopathy (prevalence 8-30%) endocarditis: either infective or non-bacterial thrombotic (marantic) which is associated with malignancy or HIV wasti...
Article

AIDS defining illness

AIDS defining illnesses are conditions that in the setting of a HIV infection confirm the diagnosis of AIDS, and do not commonly occur in immunocompetent individuals 2. According to the CDC surveillance case definition 1, they are: Infectious bacterial infections: multiple or recurrent candid...
Case

Fat redistribution syndrome

 Diagnosis certain
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
47% complete
Article

HIV/AIDS (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Musculoskeletal manifestations of HIV/AIDS are not as common as CNS or pulmonary complications. Nonetheless, their prevalence is high.  Depending on the condition, aetiology may be related to the HIV infection itself, the resultant immunodeficiency, or antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Infection...
Article

Fat redistribution syndrome

The fat redistribution syndrome (or HIV lipodystrophy syndrome) is seen in a number of AIDS patients on HAART. It is characterised by typical changes in body fat distribution. Features include : hypertrophy in the neck fat pad (buffalo hump) increased fat in the abdominal region (protease pau...
Case

Benign lymphoepithelial lesions

3D volume renderi...
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Bruno Di Muzio
Published 19 Feb 2011
71% complete
CT
Case

Post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis

Fig. 1
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 05 Jun 2011
56% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Neurosyphilis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 29 Nov 2011
83% complete
MRI
Case

HIV encephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Mar 2013
77% complete
MRI
Case

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Arthur Daire
Published 16 Sep 2014
77% complete
MRI
Case

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Wael Alfehaid
Published 09 Apr 2015
77% complete
MRI

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