Items tagged “hiv”

38 results
Article

White matter changes in HIV

White matter changes in HIV have overlapping appearances and varied in etiology. These can be divided into: primary effects of HIV opportunistic infection neoplasms vascular disease metabolic and nutritional disorders unknown mechanism Primary effects of HIV HIV-associated dementia (HAD...
Article

Cytomegalovirus encephalitis

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) encephalitis is a CNS infection that almost always develops in the context of profound immunosuppression.  This article focus on adult infection. CMV is also one of the most frequent prenatal infections, which is discussed separately: congenital CMV infection.  Epidemiolo...
Case

CMV ventriculitis and encephalitis

  Diagnosis certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Jan 2009
80% complete
MRI
Case

HIV encephalitis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 20 Nov 2009
68% complete
MRI
Article

Toxoplasmosis vs lymphoma

Toxoplasmosis and lymphoma are frequently differential diagnoses in patients with HIV/AIDS, as these represent the most common brain lesions with mass effect in this population. As treatment is substantially different, distinguishing the two on imaging is important, particularly when the lesion ...
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

  Diagnosis certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 04 May 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Case

Pneumocystis pneumonia

  Diagnosis certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 27 Aug 2010
90% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Benign lymphoepithelial lesions in HIV

  Diagnosis almost certain
Andrew Dixon
Published 03 Sep 2010
77% complete
Ultrasound MRI
Article

HIV/AIDS (CNS manifestations)

The CNS manifestations of HIV/AIDS (neuroAIDS) occur secondary to a wide range of neurodegenerative, infectious, inflammatory, or neoplastic processes.  Epidemiology Since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1996, there has been a shift in the epidemiology of CNS manifestations...
Article

HIV/AIDS (cardiovascular manifestations)

Cardiovascular manifestations are seen with increased frequency in the HIV/AIDS adult population, and include: pericardial effusions dilated cardiomyopathy (prevalence 8-30%) endocarditis: either infective or non-bacterial thrombotic (marantic) which is associated with malignancy or HIV wasti...
Article

AIDS-defining illness

AIDS-defining illnesses are conditions that in the setting of a HIV infection confirm the diagnosis of AIDS and do not commonly occur in immunocompetent individuals 2. According to the CDC surveillance case definition 1, they are: Infectious bacterial infections: multiple or recurrent candidi...
Case

Fat redistribution syndrome

  Diagnosis certain
The Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
50% complete
Article

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease which results from the reactivation of John Cunningham virus (JC virus) infecting oligodendrocytes in patients with compromised immune systems. It is considered the most common clinical manifestation of JC virus infecti...
Article

HIV/AIDS (musculoskeletal manifestations)

Musculoskeletal manifestations of HIV/AIDS are not as common as CNS or pulmonary complications. Nonetheless, their prevalence is high.  Pathology Depending on the condition, etiology may be related to the HIV infection itself, the resultant immunodeficiency, or antiretroviral therapy (ART). I...
Article

HIV-associated lipodystrophy

HIV-associated lipodystrophy (also known as fat redistribution syndrome) is a lipomatosis seen in a number of AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy. It is characterized by changes in the distribution of regional body fat, with increased central adiposity and loss of subcutaneous fat in the lim...
Case

Benign lymphoepithelial lesions

  Diagnosis probable
Bruno Di Muzio
Published 19 Feb 2011
71% complete
CT
Case

Post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis

  Diagnosis probable
Roberto Schubert
Published 05 Jun 2011
52% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Neurosyphilis

  Diagnosis certain
Roberto Schubert
Published 29 Nov 2011
83% complete
MRI
Case

HIV encephalopathy

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Mar 2013
71% complete
MRI
Case

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

  Diagnosis almost certain
Arthur Daire
Published 16 Sep 2014
77% complete
MRI