Items tagged “infectious disease”

69 results found
Article

Peripheral lung opacities (mnemonic)

Mnemonics for peripheral lung opacities seen on chest x-ray or CT are useful to remember differentials. Examples include: AEIOU SIC CUE Mnemonics AEIOU A: alveolar sarcoidosis E: eosinophilic pneumonia I: infarction O: cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) U: usual interstitial pneumon...
Article

Bell palsy

Bell palsy, also known as idiopathic peripheral facial paralysis, is characterised by rapid onset facial nerve paralysis, often with resolution in 6-8 weeks. As there are numerous causes of facial nerve palsy, many of which can be acute in onset, it is currently a diagnosis of exclusion supporte...
Case

Bilateral ureteritis and cystitis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 21 Oct 2013
92% complete
CT
Case

Acute pyelonephritis

 Diagnosis probable
Dr James Sheldon
Published 28 Nov 2013
56% complete
CT
Article

Pneumatocele

Pneumatoceles are intrapulmonary air-filled cystic spaces that can have a variety of sizes and appearances. They may contain air-fluid levels and are usually the result of ventilator-induced lung injury in neonates or post-infectious. They should not be mistaken for a cavitating lung mass.  Epi...
Article

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis refers to inflammation of any of the tonsils and is one of the most common head and neck infections in adolescents and young adults. Clinical presentation Patients may present with a variety of symptoms including painful throat (may be unilateral), dysphagia, fevers, tender cervica...
Article

Parapharyngeal abscess

Parapharyngeal abscesses are deep neck abscesses involving the parapharyngeal space. It is a serious medical condition, potentially fatal, and requires prompt diagnosis treatment. Epidemiology A person of any age can develop a parapharyngeal abscess, but it is most commonly seen in children an...
Case

CMV duodenitis: histology

Scattered enarged...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Ryan
Published 06 Feb 2014
88% complete
Pathology
Case

Necrotising fasciitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Domenico Nicoletti
Published 12 Feb 2014
77% complete
MRI
Article

Hepatic and splenic tuberculosis

Hepatic and splenic tuberculosis refers to tuberculosis affecting liver and spleen. It generally occurs due to spread from primary site of infection, commonly from pulmonary tuberculosis. Pathology Two types of lesions are known: micronodular (common) macronodular (rare) Radiographic featur...
Article

Cytomegalovirus pulmonary infection

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia is a type of viral pneumonitis and occurs due infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV), which is a member of the Herpetoviridae family. Epidemiology CMV infection is particularly important in those who are immunocompromised (e.g. those with AIDS / allogenic bone mar...
Case

Acute bacterial pyelonephritis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 27 Feb 2014
86% complete
CT
Article

Spinal epidural abscess

Spinal epidural abscess represents infection of the epidural space, located between the spinal dura mater and the vertebral periosteum. It can present with rapidly deteriorating neurological function due to compression. Imaging is best performed with MRI and emergency surgery is often required. ...
Case

Right hip tuberculosis septic arthritis and osteomyelitis

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 12 May 2014
92% complete
X-rayMRIUltrasound
Article

Fournier gangrene

Fournier gangrene is a necrotising fasciitis of the perineum. It is a true urological emergency due to the high mortality rate but fortunately the condition is rare. Epidemiology Fournier gangrene is typically seen in diabetic men aged 50-70 but is rarely seen in women. Other than age, predisp...
Case

Hepatic abscess

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 31 Jul 2014
77% complete
CT
Case

Septic pulmonary emboli

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 28 Jul 2014
89% complete
CT
Article

Dracunculiasis

Dracunculiasis (also known as guinea worm disease) is a potentially disabling infection caused by Dracunculus medinensis (meaning "little worm from Medina"). Clinical presentation The radiologic finding of a calcified guinea worm is common in endemic areas.  In the vast majority of cases (one...
Article

Whipple disease

Whipple disease is a rare infectious multisystem disorder caused by the actinobacteria Tropheryma whipplei. Epidemiology The incidence of Whipple disease is not truly known, one Swiss study estimated it at approximately 1 per 1.5 million per year 7. The peak age for presentation is in the fif...
Article

Tuberculous meningitis

Tuberculous meningitis is the most common presentation of intracranial tuberculosis, and usually refers to infection of the leptomeninges. Uncommonly tuberculosis can be limited to the pachymeninges (dura mater), it is called as tuberculous pachymeningitis and is discussed separately.  The rema...

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