Items tagged “inner ear”

11 results found
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Otosclerosis

Otosclerosis, also known as otospongiosis, is a primary osteodystrophy of the otic capsule (bony labyrinth of the inner ear). It is one of the leading causes of deafness in adults. Terminology The term otosclerosis is somewhat of a misnomer. Much of the clinical course is characterized by luce...
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Cochlear implant

Cochlear implants (CI) are surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard of hearing. Unlike conventional hearing aids, the cochlear implant does not amplify sound but works by directly stimulating any functioning auditor...
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Intravestibular lipoma

Intravestibular lipomas are rare congenital fatty masses located in the vestibule of the inner ear.  Clinical presentation Patients usually present with sensorineural hearing loss.  Pathology Their pathogenesis is thought to be the same as that of other intracranial lipomas. Associations l...
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Fissula ante fenestram

The fissula ante fenestram (plural: fissula ante fenestras) is a small connective tissue-filled cleft in the otic capsule of the temporal bone, not typically visible on CT. The area around the fissula ante fenestram is the usual origin of fenestral otosclerosis. Gross anatomy The fissula ante ...
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Inner ear malformations (classification)

Inner ear malformations are a spectrum of congenital anomalies involving the inner ear structures with an emphasis on the cochlea due to their implications for sensorineural hearing loss. Classification An imaging-based classification was first proposed in 1987 by Jackler et al. according to p...
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Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome

Superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) is an inner ear abnormality, where a clinical disequilibrium phenomenon is associated with the absence of the bony covering of the superior semicircular canal (SSCC). Notably, this CT finding has also been described in ~10% of individuals w...
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Labyrinthitis ossificans

Labyrinthitis ossificans, also known as labyrinthine ossification, represents pathological ossification of the membranous labyrinth as a response to an insult to the inner ear. Clinical presentation It is usually associated with profound sensorineural hearing loss, and may sometimes be associa...
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Cochlear incomplete partition type III

Cochlear incomplete partition type III (IP-III) is the type of cochlear incomplete partition present in X-linked deafness, a rare, nonsyndromic, genetic cochlear anomaly associated with mixed conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Terminology The genetic disorder goes by many names 8: X-l...
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Cochlea

The cochlea (plural: cochleae) is part of the inner ear osseous labyrinth found in the petrous temporal bone. It contains the cochlear duct, part of the membranous labyrinth which senses hearing. Gross anatomy The cochlea is a shell-shaped spiral that turns between two-and-a-half and two-and-t...
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Vestibule (ear)

The vestibule is an approximately 4 mm central chamber of the bony labyrinth. It is dominated by depressions housing parts of the membranous labyrinth: utricle (elliptical recess) saccule (spherical recess) basal end of the cochlear duct (cochlear recess) It is located medial to the tympanic...
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Macula cribrosa

The macula cribrosa is part of the vestibule of the inner ear, located medially between it and the lateral most part of the internal acoustic meatus. It represents clusters of small foramina that permit the passage of vestibular nerve fibers from the internal acoustic foramen into the vestibule....