Items tagged “ivc”

5 results found

Caval variants

Many caval variants exist, due to the complex embryology of the venous system. These are important for a number of reasons:  not to confuse them with pathology suggest the presence of frequently associated other abnormalities planning of vascular intervention or surgery Types superior vena ...

Paracaval lipoma

Paracaval lipoma (juxtacaval fat collection or pseudolipoma of the inferior vena cava) can be a frequent finding on CT and can be seen in up to 0.5% of examinations 1. Some even consider this as a normal variation 5. It occurs at the medial aspect of the intrahepatic portion of the inferior vena...

Azygos continuation of the inferior vena cava

Azygos continuation of the inferior vena cava (also known as the absence of the hepatic segment of the IVC with azygos continuation) is an uncommon vascular anomaly and is a cause of a dilated azygos vein. Terminology Spelling it "azygous" when referring to the vein is incorrect, regardless of...

Circumcaval ureter

Circumcaval ureter, also known as retrocaval ureter, is a term used to describe an abnormal course of a ureter that encircles the inferior vena cava. Both of these terms are somewhat misleading, as this configuration is considered a developmental anomaly of the inferior vena cava (IVC). There ar...

Bland thrombus

Bland thrombus is a term used to describe any non-malignant venous thrombus (e.g. a "normal" DVT). However the term is most often used in the context of malignancy, to differentiate non-malignant clot from the malignant form, as management of the two may differ; of course they often coexist. Pa...

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