Items tagged “kidney”

339 results found
Case

Hydronephrosis (bilateral)

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 04 May 2009
68% complete
CT
Article

Persistent fetal lobulation of the kidneys

Persistent fetal lobulation is a normal variant seen occasionally in adult kidneys. It occurs when there is incomplete fusion of the developing renal lobules. Embryologically, the kidneys originate as distinct lobules that fuse as they develop and grow. Radiographic features It is often seen o...
Article

Calyceal crescent sign (intravenous pyelogram)

The calyceal crescent sign (Dunbar crescents) refers to the early intravenous pyelogram (IVP) appearance of markedly dilated renal calyces. It is formed by early contrast opacification of the dilated collecting ducts and ducts of Bellini with the characteristic shape as a result of the associate...
Case

Acute pyelonephritis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Gagandeep Singh
Published 25 Jul 2009
61% complete
CT
Case

Renal angiomyolipoma

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 04 Aug 2009
89% complete
CT
Case

Medullary nephrocalcinosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Wael Nemattalla
Published 04 Nov 2009
66% complete
X-ray
Case

Horseshoe kidney

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Ruslan Asadov
Published 06 Nov 2009
48% complete
CT
Case

Unilateral renal agenesis

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ruslan Asadov
Published 06 Nov 2009
48% complete
CT
Article

Renal cell carcinoma

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) (historically also known as hypernephroma or Grawitz tumor) are primary malignant adenocarcinomas derived from the renal tubular epithelium and are the most common malignant renal tumor. They usually occur in 50-70-year old patients and macroscopic hematuria occurs in...
Article

Renal agenesis

Renal agenesis refers to a congenital absence of one or both kidneys. If bilateral (traditionally known as the classic Potter syndrome) the condition is fatal, whereas if unilateral, patients can have a normal life expectancy.  Epidemiology Unilateral renal agenesis affects approximately 1 in ...
Article

Robson staging system of renal cell carcinoma

Robson staging of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is simple but has largely been replaced by the TNM system (see renal cell cancer staging article). Robson staging revolves around the relationship to Gerota's fascia, involvement of renal vein and regional nodes. stage I: limited to kidney stage II:...
Case

Hyperdense renal cyst

 Diagnosis almost certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Nov 2009
45% complete
CTX-rayUltrasound
Case

Transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Thomas Muller
Published 20 Nov 2009
75% complete
Fluoroscopy
Case

Angiomyolipoma with hemorrhage

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Dec 2009
89% complete
CT
Case

Wilms tumor

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 09 Jan 2010
83% complete
CT
Case

Multicystic dysplastic kidneys (MCDK)

 Diagnosis certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Jan 2010
72% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Multicystic dysplastic kidneys

 Diagnosis almost certain
Assoc Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Jan 2010
50% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Wilms tumor

Wilms tumor, also known as nephroblastoma, is a malignant pediatric renal tumor. Epidemiology Wilms tumors are the most common pediatric renal mass, accounting for over 85% of cases 1,8 and account for 7% of all childhood cancers 12. It typically occurs in early childhood (1-11 years) with pea...
Article

Neuroblastoma vs Wilms tumor

Both neuroblastoma and Wilms tumor occur in early childhood and typically present as large abdominal masses closely related to the kidneys. Distinguishing between the two is important, and a number of features are helpful. Neuroblastoma calcification very common: 90% encases vascular structur...
Case

Renal angiomyolipoma

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Hani Makky Al Salam
Published 18 Jan 2010
58% complete
CTUltrasound

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