Items tagged “larynx”

17 results found
Article

Laryngeal carcinoma (staging)

Laryngeal carcinoma staging refers to TNM staging of carcinomas involving the supraglottic, glottic, and subglottic larynx. The vast majority of applicable cases are squamous cell carcinomas, but other epithelial tumors are also included. The following article reflects the 8th edition published ...
Article

Laryngocele

A laryngocele is the dilatation of the saccule of the laryngeal ventricle and is unilateral in the vast majority of cases 8. On imaging, these lesions are generally characterized as well-defined, thin-walled, fluid or air-filled cystic lesions in the paraglottic space. Communication with the la...
Case

Omega sign (photo)

  Diagnosis not applicable
Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Nov 2009
29% complete
Photo
Article

Epiglottitis

Epiglottitis, also known as supraglottitis, is a life-threatening condition caused by inflammation of the epiglottis and aryepiglottic folds 1, which can lead to acute airway obstruction. Epidemiology The traditional age of presentation is in children of 3 to 6 years, although this has been ch...
Case

Thyroid cartilage ossification

  Diagnosis certain
Roberto Schubert
Published 27 Nov 2011
47% complete
X-ray
Case

Advanced laryngeal cancer

  Diagnosis probable
Azza Elgendy
Published 29 Jan 2014
56% complete
CT
Case

Laryngeal tumor - squamous cell carcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Derek Smith
Published 06 Jan 2015
92% complete
X-ray Annotated image CT
Article

Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx

Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx is the most common primary malignant tumor that affects the laryngeal framework. Typically it is categorized by the laryngeal subsite affected, which affects presentation, treatment and prognosis.  Epidemiology Males are more affected than females, and usu...
Article

Thyroid cartilage

The thyroid cartilage is the largest of the cartilages of the larynx, with its superior border sitting at the level of the C4 vertebra. Gross anatomy The thyroid cartilage consists of bilateral flattened laminae that are fused in the anterior midline to form the laryngeal prominence (Adam's ap...
Article

Intrinsic muscles of the larynx

The intrinsic muscles of the larynx can be considered in two groups: muscles that control the inlet of the larynx muscles that move the vocal ligaments Gross anatomy Muscles of the inlet aryepiglottic muscle: lies within the aryepiglottic fold, runs from the side of the epiglottis and inser...
Article

Cricoid cartilage

The cricoid cartilage is a ring-shaped laryngeal cartilage that sits below the thyroid cartilage and above the tracheal rings, at the level of the C6 vertebra. It is the only complete cartilaginous ring of the whole airway. Gross anatomy It consists of a thinner anterior portion, called the ar...
Article

Arytenoid cartilage

The arytenoid cartilages are paired hyaline cartilages that articulate with the sloping upper border of the lamina of the cricoid cartilage via the synovial cricoarytenoid joint. This joint allows movement of the arytenoid cartilages, which is vital in approximating, tensing and relaxing the voc...
Case

Gossypiboma - hypopharynx

  Diagnosis certain
Mohammad Farghali Ali Tosson
Published 06 Apr 2017
92% complete
CT
Article

False vocal cords

The false vocal cords (vestibular folds, ventricular folds, ventricular bands) are paired shelf-like structures located within the supraglottic larynx that divide the laryngeal vestibule above from the laryngeal ventricle below. They function to protect the airway and play very little if any par...
Article

Aryepiglottic folds

The aryepiglottic folds are two ligamentomuscular structures within the supraglottic larynx that function to protect the airway when swallowing. Gross anatomy Each aryepiglottic fold is comprised of the superior ligamentous edge of the quadrangular membrane and covering mucous membrane 1, the ...
Case

Mixed laryngocele

  Diagnosis almost certain
Mostafa Elfeky
Published 13 Aug 2018
77% complete
CT
Case

Laryngeal supraglottic cancer

  Diagnosis almost certain
Shervin Sharifkashani
Published 31 Jul 2022
80% complete
CT