Items tagged “lower limb”

14 results found
Article

Sciatic nerve

The sciatic nerve arises from the sacral plexus from the roots of L4-S3 and runs through the buttock and down the lower limb. It is the longest and widest single nerve in the body. Summary origin: sacral plexus (L4-S3) course: exits the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen to enter the ...
Case

Soft tissue haemangioma - intramuscular

Hemangioma
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Hani Salam
Published 17 Oct 2010
45% complete
MRI
Case

Guillain Barré syndrome

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Hani Salam
Published 31 Dec 2010
56% complete
MRI
Article

Wagstaffe-Le Forte fracture

A Wagstaffe-Le Forte fracture refers to an avulsion fracture of the medial aspect of the distal fibula due to avulsion of the anterior talofibular ligament attachment. See also lower extremity fractures
Article

Femoral triangle boundaries (mnemonic)

A mnemonic for the boundaries of the femoral triangle is: SAIL This should be easy to remember because the femoral triangle is shaped like a sail.  Mnemonic S: sartorius A: adductor longus IL: inguinal ligament
Article

Semimembranosus muscle

The semimembranosus is one of the hamstring muscles in the posterior compartment of the thigh and accompanies the semitendinosus muscle in the medial aspect of the posterior thigh. It is named for its flattened membranous tendon of its ischial attachment. Summary origin: ischial tuberosity in...
Article

Flexor retinaculum at the ankle

Flexor retinaculum at the ankle is formed by reinforcement of the deep fascia of the leg by transverse collagen bundles and functions to prevent 'bowstringing' of tendons as they pass the tibiotalar joint. It forms the roof of the tarsal tunnel 1, 2. insertions medial malleolus of the tibia m...
Article

Great saphenous vein

The great saphenous vein (GSV) forms part of the superficial venous system of the lower limb.  Gross anatomy Origin and course The GSV lies within the subcutaneous tissues of the leg in the thigh in the saphenous compartment, which is bounded posteriorly by the deep fascia and superficially b...
Article

Small saphenous vein

The small saphenous vein (SSV) forms part of the superficial venous drainage of the lower limb. Gross anatomy Origin and course The SSV forms by the confluence of the lateral aspect of the dorsal venous network of the foot (lateral marginal vein of the foot). It passes behind the lateral mall...
Article

Semitendinosus muscle

The semitendinosus is a fusiform muscle in the posterior compartment of the thigh and hamstrings muscles. it accompanies the semimembranosus muscle in the medial aspect of the posterior thigh. It is named for its cord-like tendon which forms half way down the thigh. Summary origin: ischial tub...
Article

Thigh

Thigh refers to the portion of the lower limb between the hip and knee joints. Note that in an anatomical context "leg" refers to the portion between the knee and ankle joints and not to the entire lower limb.
Article

Leg

Leg refers to the portion of the lower limb between the knee and ankle joints. Note that this anatomical definition is different from the everyday use of the word "leg" which often refers to the entire lower limb. The upper portion of the lower limb, between hip and knee joints, is referred to a...
Case

Ankle fracture - Weber B

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Alborz Jahangiri
Published 20 Jul 2016
85% complete
X-ray
Case

Toddler fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Sebastian Tschauner
Published 10 Nov 2016
91% complete
X-rayAnnotated image

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