Items tagged “lungs”

141 results found
Article

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis refers to abnormal dilatation of the bronchial tree and is seen in a variety of clinical settings. CT is the most accurate modality for diagnosis. It is largely considered irreversible. Epidemiology As there are many causes of bronchiectasis, which may occur at essentially any a...
Article

Chronic unilateral airspace opacification (differential)

Chronic unilateral airspace opacification is a subset of the differential diagnoses for airspace opacification. An exhaustive list of all possible causes of chronic unilateral airspace opacities is long, but a useful framework is as follows: neoplastic post obstructive lymphoma lymphocytic ...
Article

Lung abscess

A lung abscess is a circumscribed collection of pus within the lung. They are often complicated to manage and difficult to treat and, in some cases, may be life threatening. Epidemiology As a result of the widespread availability of antibiotics, the incidence of lung abscesses has dramatically...
Article

Pulmonary oedema grading

One grading system on pulmonary oedema based on chest radiograph appearances and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) is as follows: grade 0: normal chest radiograph, PCWP 8-12 mmHg grade 1: shows evidence of upper lobe diversion on a chest radiograph, PCWP 13-18 mmHg grade 2: shows inte...
Article

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), previously known as Wegener granulomatosis, is a multisystem systemic necrotising non-caseating granulomatous vasculitis affecting small to medium sized arteries, capillaries and veins, with a predilection for the respiratory system and kidneys 3. This ar...
Article

Asbestosis

Asbestosis refers to later development of diffuse interstitial fibrosis secondary to asbestos fibre inhalation and should not be confused with other asbestos related diseases. Epidemiology Asbestosis typically occurs 10-15 years following the commencement of exposure to asbestos and is dose re...
Case

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Mar 2009
68% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Amiodarone lung

 Diagnosis probable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Jul 2009
46% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Primary ciliary dyskinesia

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (also known as immotile cilia syndrome) is the result of a congenital defect in the ultrastructure of cilia that renders them incapable of normal movement. It is associated with a number of anatomic and functional abnormalities. Epidemiology Primary ciliary dyskinesi...
Article

Cryptogenic organising pneumonia

Cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) is a disease of unknown aetiology. A wide variety of infectious as well as noninfectious causes may result in a similar histologic pattern. Terminology Organising pneumonia (OP) is a histologic pattern of alveolar inflammation with varied aetiology (inclu...
Case

Congenital cystic bronchiectasis

Congenital cystic...
 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Sep 2009
47% complete
X-ray
Article

Round pneumonia

Round pneumonia is a type of pneumonia usually only seen in paediatric patients. They are well defined, rounded opacities that represent regions of infected consolidation. Epidemiology The mean age of patients with round pneumonia is 5 years and 90% of patients who present with round pneumonia...
Article

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare multi-system disorder that can occur either sporadically or in association with the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and is often considered a forme fruste of TSC. Epidemiology It almost exclusively affects women of child-bearing age 7. The estimated in...
Case

Pulmonary metastases (colorectal carcinoma)

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Oct 2009
68% complete
CTX-ray
Case

Left lingula consolidation

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Oct 2009
60% complete
X-ray
Case

Lymphangitic carcinomatosis

Lymphangitic carc...
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 Nov 2009
62% complete
CT
Case

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Angela Byrne
Published 11 Nov 2009
54% complete
X-ray
Case

Pulmonary tuberculosis

CXR Tuberculosis
...
 Diagnosis possible
Dr Hani Salam
Published 18 Nov 2009
21% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Sarcoidosis: gross pathology

Sarcoidosis

Coro...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Yale Rosen
Published 18 Nov 2009
75% complete
Photo
Case

Sarcoidosis - progressive - endstage

Sarcoidosis: 18 m...
 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Nov 2009
53% complete
X-rayCT

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