Items tagged “lungs”

138 results found
Article

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis (plural: bronchiectases) is defined as an irreversible abnormal dilatation of the bronchial tree. It has a variety of underlying causes, with a common etiology of chronic inflammation. High-resolution CT is the most accurate modality for diagnosis. Epidemiology As there are many...
Article

Chronic unilateral airspace opacification (differential)

Chronic unilateral airspace opacification is a subset of the differential diagnoses for airspace opacification. An exhaustive list of all possible causes of chronic unilateral airspace opacities is long, but a useful framework is as follows: neoplastic post obstructive lymphoma lymphocytic ...
Article

Pulmonary edema grading

One pulmonary edema grading based on chest radiograph appearances and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) is as follows: grade 0: normal chest radiograph, PCWP 8-12 mmHg grade 1: shows evidence of upper lobe diversion on a chest radiograph, PCWP 13-18 mmHg grade 2: shows interstitial ed...
Article

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), previously known as Wegener granulomatosis, is a multisystem necrotizing non-caseating granulomatous c-ANCA positive vasculitis affecting small to medium-sized arteries, capillaries, and veins, with a predilection for the respiratory system and kidneys. T...
Article

Asbestosis

Asbestosis is an occupational fibrotic lung disease associated with high levels of asbestos fiber inhalation. Fibrosis is lower lobe predominant and can progress. Even without progression the risk of lung cancer is increased. The presence of pleural plaques is variable 10. Epidemiology Asbest...
Case

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)

  Diagnosis probable
Paresh K Desai
Published 20 Mar 2009
68% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Amiodarone lung

  Diagnosis probable
Frank Gaillard
Published 08 Jul 2009
46% complete
X-ray CT
Article

Primary ciliary dyskinesia

Primary ciliary dyskinesia, also known as immotile cilia syndrome, is the result of a congenital defect in the ultrastructure of cilia that renders them incapable of normal movement. It is associated with a number of anatomic and functional abnormalities. Epidemiology Primary ciliary dyskinesi...
Article

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a disease of unknown etiology characterized on imaging by multifocal ground glass opacifications and/or consolidation. A wide variety of infectious as well as noninfectious causes may result in a similar histologic pattern. Terminology Organizing pneum...
Case

Congenital cystic bronchiectasis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Sep 2009
54% complete
X-ray
Article

Round pneumonia

Round pneumonia is a type of pneumonia usually only seen in pediatric patients. They are well defined, rounded opacities that represent regions of infected consolidation. Epidemiology The mean age of patients with round pneumonia is 5 years and 90% of patients who present with round pneumonia ...
Article

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a low-grade destructive metastasizing PEComatous tumor 1 resulting from the proliferation of LAM cells in the lung, kidney and axial lymphatics. The disease is caused by mutations of the TSC2 or TSC1 genes and is more commonly sporadic rather than inherited. Cys...
Case

Pulmonary metastases (colorectal carcinoma)

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Oct 2009
59% complete
CT X-ray
Case

Left lingula consolidation

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Oct 2009
65% complete
X-ray
Case

Lymphangitic carcinomatosis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 07 Nov 2009
53% complete
CT
Case

Cystic fibrosis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Angela Byrne
Published 11 Nov 2009
50% complete
X-ray
Case

Pulmonary tuberculosis

  Diagnosis possible
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 18 Nov 2009
39% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Sarcoidosis (gross pathology)

  Diagnosis certain
Yale Rosen
Published 18 Nov 2009
75% complete
Pathology
Case

Sarcoidosis

  Diagnosis almost certain
Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Nov 2009
68% complete
X-ray CT
Case

Congenital lobar overinflation

  Diagnosis almost certain
Hani M. Al Salam
Published 19 Dec 2009
79% complete
Annotated image X-ray

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