Items tagged “magnetism”

6 results found
Article

Magnetism

Magnetism is a property of matter that is a result of the orbiting electrons in atoms. The orbiting electrons cause the atoms to have a magnetic moment associated with an intrinsic angular momentum called spin.  Magnetic field strengths are measured in tesla (T), a derived SI unit. The equivale...
Article

Ferromagnetism

Ferromagnetic materials generally contain iron, nickel, or cobalt. These materials include magnets, and various objects that might be found in a patient, such as aneurysm clips, parts of pacemakers, shrapnel, etc.  These materials have a large positive magnetic susceptibility, i.e. when placed ...
Article

Diamagnetism

Diamagnetism is the property of materials that have no intrinsic atomic magnetic moment, but when placed in a magnetic field weakly repel the field, resulting in a small negative magnetic susceptibility. Materials like water, copper, nitrogen, barium sulfate, and most tissues are diamagnetic. I...
Article

Magnetic field

The magnetic field describes the influence a magnet has on its surrounding area. Magnets create a magnetic field or line of force running from the magnetic north to the magnetic south pole of the magnet. Magnetic fields are the result of intrinsic magnetic moments and moving electric charges wit...
Article

Magnetic dipole

Magnetic dipoles are the magnetic equivalent of an electric dipole, where the two charges are positive and negative, with a flow of electric charge and surrounding electric field. Magnets are bipolar, having two poles: north and south. The term dipole means two charges.  In a magnetic dipole, th...
Article

Magnetic dipole moment

The magnetic dipole moment is a quantity that represents the strength and orientation of the magnetic dipoles. This can be represented by the torque that a material experiences when added to a magnetic field. The stronger the magnetic moment, the stronger the magnetic field and the stronger the ...