Items tagged “mandible”
46 results found
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor
Adenomatoid odontogenic tumors are rare and differ from most other dentition related lesions in that they more frequently occur in the maxilla. Epidemiology They are also seen more frequently in females, most frequently in the second decade of life. Radiographic features They present as an e...
Ameloblastic fibromas appear as unilocular lucent mandibular lesions, most frequently in the posterior mandible, and are usually associated with impacted teeth, centered on the unerupted crown. They, therefore, appear very similar to unilocular ameloblastomas. They are composed of enamel and emb...
Ameloblastomas are locally aggressive benign tumors that arise from the mandible, or, less commonly, from the maxilla. They usually present as a slowly but continuously growing hard painless lesion near the angle of the mandible in the 3rd to 5th decades of life, which can be severely disfigurin...
Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor
Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT), also known as a Pindborg tumor, (previously has been called adenoid adamintoblastoma, unusual ameloblastoma and cystic odontoma) is typically located in the premolar and molar region of the mandible, although up to a third are found in the maxilla....
Cementoblastomas are one of many mandibular lesions. It is a rare tumor of the cementum, with only approximately 100 cases reported. The key to diagnosis, both radiologically and histologically, is an attachment to the tooth root. Terminology Cementoblastomas have been previously described in...
Central giant cell lesions (granuloma)
Central giant cell lesions (granulomas), also known as giant cell reparative cysts/granulomas, occurs almost exclusively in the mandible, although cases in the skull and maxilla have been reported. Epidemiology It is most frequently seen in young women (F:M 2:1) 5 and typically presents in the...
Dentigerous cysts, also called follicular cysts, are slow-growing benign and non-inflammatory odontogenic cysts that are thought to be developmental in origin. On imaging, they usually present as a well-defined and unilocular radiolucency surrounding the crown of an unerupted or impacted tooth ...
Mandibular lesions are myriad and common. The presence of teeth results in lesions that are specific to the mandible (and maxilla) and a useful classification that defines them as odontogenic or non-odontogenic. While it may often not be possible to make a diagnosis on imaging alone, this classi...
Odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), previously known as keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT or KOT), are rare benign cystic lesions involving the mandible or maxilla and are believed to arise from dental lamina. Whether these lesions are developmental or neoplastic is controversial, with the 4th ed...
Odontogenic myxomas are rare tumors that involve the mandible or maxilla and account for 3-6% of odontogenic tumors 2. Epidemiology Typically seen in the 2nd to 3rd decades of life (slightly earlier than ameloblastomas). They are usually not painful. Pathology Arises from mesenchymal odontog...
Odontomas are one of the most common mandibular lesions encountered and the most common odontogenic tumors of the mandible. They account for up to two-thirds of all such tumors; the next most common are ameloblastomas, making up the majority of the remaining one-third. Epidemiology They can oc...
Periapical cysts, also known as radicular cysts, are the most frequent cystic lesion related to teeth (see mandibular lesions) and result from infection of the tooth. On imaging, they generally appear as a round- or pear-shaped, unilocular, lucent lesion in the periapical region, usually measuri...
Primordial cyst of the mandible
Primordial cysts are infrequent cystic mandibular lesions, which are thought to result from degeneration of dental follicles. No tooth is therefore present, and the cyst is a well defined, small and static lesion, most commonly located posteriorly in the region of the third molar or angle of the...
Residual cysts are inflammatory odontogenic cysts that develop following dental extraction. It is most frequently due to growth from a remnant of a radicular/periapical cyst 1. They occur more often in the maxilla 2.
Solitary bone cyst of the mandible
Solitary bone cysts of the mandible (also known as traumatic bone cyst of the jaw, hemorrhagic cyst of the mandible, extravasation cyst, progressive bone cavity or unicameral bone cyst) are an uncommon nonepithelial lined lucent mandibular lesion. It is one of a myriad of potential mandibular le...
Stafne bone cavity
A Stafne bone cavity is a cortical defect near the angle of the mandible below the mandibular canal. It is usually an incidental finding and represents a depression in the medial aspect of the mandible filled by part of the submandibular gland or adjacent fat. Terminology A Stafne bone cavity...
Published 07 May 2008
Published 19 May 2008
Glandular odontogenic cyst
Published 01 Jan 2009
Mandibular tori (cf. maxillary tori) are common benign outgrowths of bone from the inner surface of the mandible and are usually bilateral. Clinical presentation They are usually asymptomatic but may cause issues with eating and drinking. Pathology They are composed of compact bone, densely ...