Items tagged “mediastinum”

29 results found
Article

Differential for an anterosuperior mediastinal mass

An anterosuperior mediastinal mass can be caused by neoplastic and non-neoplastic pathology. As their name suggests, they are confined to the anterior mediastinum, that portion of the mediastinum anterior to the pericardium and below the level of the clavicles.  The differential diagnosis for a...
Article

Garland triad

Garland triad, also known as the 1-2-3 sign or Pawnbrokers sign, is a lymph node enlargement pattern which has been described in sarcoidosis: right paratracheal nodes right hilar nodes left hilar nodes Hilar lymphadenopathy is symmetrical and usually massive. These so-called potato nodes don...
Article

Thoracic aortic dilatation (differential)

There are a number of causes and mimics of thoracic aortic dilatation. Differential diagnosis senile ectasia hypertension post-stenotic dilatation, e.g. bicuspid aortic valve thoracic aortic aneurysm atherosclerosis (usually descending thoracic aorta) collagen disorders Marfan syndrome ...
Article

Panda sign (sarcoidosis)

The panda sign of sarcoidosis is a gallium-67 citrate scan finding. It is due to bilateral involvement of parotid and lacrimal glands in sarcoidosis, superimposed on the normal uptake in the nasopharyngeal mucosa. The presence of perihilar adenopathy adds the lambda distribution of increased up...
Case

Thymoma - invasive

Thymoma
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 04 Jan 2010
55% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Thymoma - metastatic

Thymoma
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 09 Feb 2010
59% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Thymoma

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 11 Feb 2010
71% complete
X-rayMRI
Case

Anterior mediastinal teratoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Gagandeep Singh
Published 15 Feb 2010
49% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Sarcoidosis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 15 Feb 2010
71% complete
CT
Case

Thymoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 23 Feb 2010
80% complete
CT
Article

Localised mediastinal malignant mesothelioma

A localised (solitary) mediastinal malignant mesothelioma is a rare variant of malignant pleural mesothelioma and is thought to arise from mesothelial cells of the pericardium. There are too few report cases to be dogmatic in regards to epidemiological or radiographic features. Differential d...
Case

Giant ancient schwannoma of the posterior mediastinum

Schwannoma

Coron...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 03 Mar 2010
80% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Mediastinal teratoma

Mediastinal teratomas are germ cell tumours located in the anterior mediastinum. Epidemiology Mediastinal teratomas are the most common extra-gonadal germ cell tumours. They account for approximately 15% of anterior mediastinal masses in adults and approximately 25% of anterior mediastinal mas...
Article

Anterior mediastinal germ cell tumours

Germ cell tumours are one of the causes of anterior mediastinal mass, and any of the germ cell histologies may be identified. They can therefore be divided histologically into: seminoma non-seminomatous germ cell tumours (NSGCT) embryonal cell carcinoma choriocarcinoma yolk sac tumour tera...
Case

Lymphoma

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Hani Salam
Published 02 Aug 2010
53% complete
CTMRINuclear medicine
Case

Thymoma

Thymoma - PET
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 23 Aug 2010
56% complete
Nuclear medicineX-rayCT
Case

Foregut duplication cyst

Foregut duplicati...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 29 Aug 2010
53% complete
CTMRI
Case

Thymoma

CT Scout showing ...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Bruno Di Muzio
Published 23 Apr 2011
75% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Mediastinal germ cell tumour

CT scout view
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 02 Jul 2011
71% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Prominent thymus: widened mediastinal shadow

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr M Osama Yonso
Published 27 Mar 2012
47% complete
X-ray

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