Items tagged “musculoskeletal”

66 results found
Case

Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia

Axial bone window...
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Skúli Óskar Kim
Published 11 Nov 2014
74% complete
CT
Case

Aggressive fibromatosis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 06 Jan 2015
80% complete
X-rayMRIAnnotated image
Case

Sarcoidosis - osseous involvement

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 19 Nov 2014
75% complete
X-ray
Article

Infrapatellar bursitis

Infrapatellar bursitis (or clergyman knee) occurs with inflammation of bursae around the insertion of the distal patellar tendon. The inflamed bursa may be: superficial/subcutaneous: anterior to the distal patellar tendon deep: posterior to the distal patellar tendon, in the region of the infr...
Article

CLOVES syndrome

CLOVE syndrome is an acronym denoting a rare condition consisting of: Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth Vascular malformations Epidermal nevi Skeletal/Scoliosis/Spinal anomalies Abnormalities have a truncal predominance. Associated findings include: wide feet and hands macrodactyly scoli...
Article

Arcade of Frohse

The arcade of Frohse (pronounced "\ Frəʊs \" to rhyme with "crows") is also known as the supinator arch. The arcade is formed by a fibrous band between the two heads of the supinator muscle. The deep branch of the radial nerve passes beneath the arcade accompanied by vessels known as the leash ...
Article

Acetabular angle

The acetabular angle is a radiographic measurement used when evaluating potential developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).  It is most useful in patients who have started to ossify the epiphysis since ossification diminishes the usefulness of ultrasound. The angle is formed by a horizontal lin...
Article

Köhler disease

Köhler disease is an eponymous term referring to chilhood onset avascular necrosis of the navicular bone in the foot. Mueller Weiss syndrome is the adult counterpart of navicular bone avascular necrosis. 4,5 Epidemiology It typically presents in the paediatric population (4-6 years age) and th...
Article

Osteoblastoma

Osteoblastomas are rare and benign primary bone tumours. They may be locally aggressive and tend to affect the axial skeleton more often than their histologic relative, osteoid osteoma. Epidemiology They account for 1-3% of all primary bone tumours 2-3. Patients typically present around the se...
Article

Ganglion cyst

Ganglion cysts are non-malignant cystic masses that occur in association with musculoskeletal structures 6. They are sometimes also simply referred to as ganglia or a ganglion, but should not be confused with the anatomical term ganglion. Epidemiology They occur more commonly in young women (e...
Article

Snapping triceps syndrome

Snapping triceps syndrome is an uncommon cause of medial elbow pain. It occurs if the triceps insertion subluxates over the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow, and two palpable "snaps" may be heard or felt during this motion. It may coexist with ulnar nerve dislocation. ...
Article

Ulnar nerve dislocation

Ulnar nerve dislocation is an uncommon cause of pain and paresthesias in the ulnar nerve distribution. It occurs if the ulnar nerve subluxates and then dislocates over the anterior aspect of the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow.  Pathology Ulnar nerve dislocation occ...
Article

Morel-Lavallée lesion

A Morel-Lavallée lesion is a closed degloving injury associated with severe trauma which then presents as a haemolymphatic mass. MRI and ultrasound are useful modalities for evaluation. Terminology The lesions classically occur over the greater trochanter of the femur 1. Morel-Lavallée lesions...
Article

Osteochondroma

Osteochondromas are a relatively common imaging finding, accounting for 10-15% of all bone tumours and ~35% of all benign bone tumours. Although usually thought of as a benign bone tumour, they may be thought of as a developmental anomaly. They are frequently asymptomatic and have very low malig...
Article

Ultrasound of the knee

Ultrasound of the knee allows high-resolution imaging of superficial knee anatomy while simultaneously allowing dynamic evaluation of some of the tendons and ligaments. Knee ultrasound is somewhat limited compared with ultrasound examinations of other joints because the cruciate ligaments and th...
Case

Osteomyelitis (first digit proximal phalanx)

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Derek Smith
Published 28 Dec 2014
75% complete
X-ray

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