Items tagged “musculoskeletal sonography”

14 results found
Article

Glomangioma

Glomangiomas, also known as glomus tumours, are benign vascular tumours typically seen at the distal extremities.  On imaging, they characteristically present as small hypervascular nodules under the finger nail.  Terminology These tumours should not be confused with paragangliomas, which are...
Article

Beta angle (developmental dysplasia of the hip)

The beta angle is a measurement used in the ultrasonographic assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). It is defined as the angle formed between the vertical cortex of the ilium and the triangular labral fibrocartilage (echogenic triangle) and thus reflects the femoral head cartil...
Article

Morel-Lavallée lesion

A Morel-Lavallée lesion is a closed degloving injury associated with severe trauma which then presents as a haemolymphatic mass. MRI and ultrasound are useful modalities for evaluation. Terminology The lesions classically occur over the greater trochanter of the femur 1. Morel-Lavallée lesions...
Case

Muscle hernia: bilateral tibialis anterior at multiple levels

Muscle Hernia Rig...
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 30 Aug 2010
41% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Bilateral lateral meniscal cysts

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 30 Oct 2010
85% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Quadriceps tendon tear

Quadriceps tendon...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 12 Jan 2011
50% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Anisotropy

Anisotropy is an artefact encountered in ultrasound, notably in muscles and tendons during a musculoskeletal ultrasound. In musculoskeletal applications, the artefact may prompt an incorrect diagnosis of tendinosis or tendon tear. When the ultrasound beam is incident on a fibrillar structure as...
Article

Ultrasound of the elbow

Ultrasound of the elbow allows high-resolution imaging of elbow anatomy while simultaneously allowing dynamic evaluation of the joint, tendons, and ligaments. Approach There are multiple possible approaches to imaging the elbow with ultrasound. A typical protocol is as follows 1: Anterior elb...
Article

Arcade of Frohse

The arcade of Frohse (pronounced "\ Frəʊs \" to rhyme with "crows") is also known as the supinator arch. The arcade is formed by a fibrous band between the two heads of the supinator muscle. The deep branch of the radial nerve passes beneath the arcade accompanied by vessels known as the leash ...
Article

Ultrasound of the wrist

Ultrasound is a useful imaging modality for evaluation of the wrist, allowing high-resolution imaging of anatomy while simultaneously allowing dynamic evaluation of the joint, tendons, and ligaments. Approach There are multiple possible approaches to imaging the wrist with ultrasound. The exam...
Article

Snapping triceps syndrome

Snapping triceps syndrome is an uncommon cause of medial elbow pain. It occurs if the triceps insertion subluxates over the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow, and two palpable "snaps" may be heard or felt during this motion. It may coexist with ulnar nerve dislocation. ...
Article

Ulnar nerve dislocation

Ulnar nerve dislocation is an uncommon cause of pain and paresthesias in the ulnar nerve distribution. It occurs if the ulnar nerve subluxates and then dislocates over the anterior aspect of the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow.  Pathology Ulnar nerve dislocation occ...
Case

Plantar fibroma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 08 Dec 2014
75% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Ultrasound of the knee

Ultrasound of the knee allows high-resolution imaging of superficial knee anatomy while simultaneously allowing dynamic evaluation of some of the tendons and ligaments. Knee ultrasound is somewhat limited compared with ultrasound examinations of other joints because the cruciate ligaments and th...

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