Items tagged “musculoskeletal”

69 results found
Case

Sarcoidosis - osseous involvement

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 19 Nov 2014
75% complete
X-ray
Article

Infrapatellar bursitis

Infrapatellar bursitis (or clergyman knee) occurs with inflammation of bursae around the insertion of the distal patellar tendon. The inflamed bursa may be: superficial/subcutaneous: anterior to the distal patellar tendon deep: posterior to the distal patellar tendon, in the region of the infr...
Article

CLOVES syndrome

CLOVE syndrome is an acronym denoting a rare condition consisting of: Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth Vascular malformations Epidermal nevi Skeletal/Scoliosis/Spinal anomalies Abnormalities have a truncal predominance. Associated findings include: wide feet and hands macrodactyly scoli...
Article

Arcade of Frohse

The arcade of Frohse (pronounced "\ Frəʊs \" to rhyme with "crows") is also known as the supinator arch. The arcade is formed by a fibrous band between the two heads of the supinator muscle. The deep branch of the radial nerve passes beneath the arcade accompanied by vessels known as the leash ...
Article

Snapping triceps syndrome

Snapping triceps syndrome is an uncommon cause of medial elbow pain. It occurs if the triceps insertion subluxates over the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow, and two palpable "snaps" may be heard or felt during this motion. It may coexist with ulnar nerve dislocation. ...
Article

Ulnar nerve dislocation

Ulnar nerve dislocation is an uncommon cause of pain and paresthesias in the ulnar nerve distribution. It occurs if the ulnar nerve subluxates and then dislocates over the anterior aspect of the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension of the elbow.  Pathology Ulnar nerve dislocation occ...
Article

Ultrasound of the knee

Ultrasound of the knee allows high-resolution imaging of superficial knee anatomy while simultaneously allowing dynamic evaluation of some of the tendons and ligaments. Knee ultrasound is somewhat limited compared with ultrasound examinations of other joints because the cruciate ligaments and th...
Case

Osteomyelitis (first digit proximal phalanx)

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Derek Smith
Published 28 Dec 2014
75% complete
X-ray
Article

Lodwick classification

The Lodwick classification is a system for describing the margins of a lucent/lytic bone lesion. The terms used in the description suggest the level of concern for an aggressive, and possibly malignant, process. Classification type 1: geographic 1A: thin, sclerotic margin 1B: distinct, well-...
Article

Acromial apophysiolysis

Acromial apohysiolysis is a finding on shoulder MRI that may be encountered in patients with an unfused acromial apophysis. It is associated with athletes in throwing sports. Clinical presentation Presents with superior shoulder tenderness in a patient <25 years old, often in a young throwing ...
Case

Tumoral calcinosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 23 Jan 2015
86% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Calcinosis universalis

Calcinosis universalis is a condition characterized by long bands or sheets of symmetrical subcutaneous calcification. Clinical presentation It usually presents <20 years of age, and is more common in women. palpable calcific plaques in subcutaneous or deeper tissue fatigue, muscle pain, and...
Article

Bent bone dysplasias (differential)

Bent bone dysplasias are a class of dysplasia included in a 2010 classification of genetic skeletal disorders 1. campomelic dysplasia Stuve-Weidemann dysplasia kyphomelic dysplasias, a diverse class, including congenital bowing of the long bones cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH; metaphyseal d...
Article

Ainhum

Ainhum, also known as dactylolysis spontanea, is a rare cutaneous condition in which a hyperkeratotic band partially or totally encircles a digit. The constriction thins the underlying bone, which is then prone to fracture. Some cases result in autoamputation. Epidemiology Some have suggested ...
Article

Frostbite

Frostbite is a focal tissue injury from exposure to extreme cold temperatures, most commonly involves the fingers and toes. It is most commonly encountered in radiology in a differential for acro-osteolysis. Pathology Tissue injury from frostbite occurs in two ways 1: direct tissue necrosis f...
Case

Bucket-handle tear

Dr. Abdalla Al-Khashmani
Published 04 Feb 2015
59% complete
MRI
Article

Coracoid process fracture

Coracoid process fractures are an uncommon type of scapular fracture. They do not often occur in isolation and are often associated with acromial, clavicular, or scapular fracture, as well as humeral head dislocation. In general, the coracoid process tends to fracture at its base and be minimal...
Article

Goutallier classification of rotator cuff muscle fatty degeneration

The Goutallier classification is a classification system used to quantify the amount of fatty degeneration of the rotator cuff muscles, particularly in the context of rotator cuff tendon tears. Although originally described in shoulder CT 1, it is applicable and now most commonly used in MR. It ...
Case

Fibrous cortical defect

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Andrei Tsoriev
Published 11 Feb 2015
77% complete
CT
Case

Anterior cruciate ligament rupture with medial meniscus bucket handle tear - double PCL sign

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Amro Omar
Published 19 Feb 2015
95% complete
MRI

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