Items tagged “musculoskeletal”

68 results found
Article

Ottawa knee rules

The Ottawa knee rules are a clinical decision-making strategy for determining which patients require radiographic imaging for knee pain. A patient with knee pain qualifies for knee radiographs if any of the following apply: 55 years or older point tenderness at the fibular head isolated poin...
Article

Pittsburgh knee rules

The Pittsburgh knee rules are a clinical decision-making strategy for determining which patients require radiographic imaging for knee pain. A patient with knee pain qualifies for a radiograph if: fall or blunt trauma <12 years old or >50 years old inability to take four steps, regardless of...
Article

Traumatic neuroma

Traumatic neuromas may occur from acute or chronic injury to a nerve. Clinical presentation The patient presents with a focal area of pain and tenderness to palpation. There should be a history of injury to the area. Surgery is a common source of traumatic neuromas (e.g. ilioinguinal pain post...
Article

Joplin neuroma

Joplin neuromas are rare compression traumatic neuromas, involving the proper digital nerve of the great toe (a branch of the medial plantar nerve). Clinical presentation Pain and tenderness at the first digit metatarsophalangeal joint. More common in soccer players and in patients post bunion...
Case

Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis

 Diagnosis certain
Assistant Prof. Essam G Ghonaim
Published 10 Apr 2015
94% complete
X-ray
Article

Greater trochanter pain syndrome

Greater trochanter pain syndrome, refers to pain that originates from the lateral hip region, which includes various structures, such as tendons and the trochanteric bursa. Bursitis is not necessarily present and the often-used term trochanteric bursitis is therefore not always appropriate 1.
Case

Scurvy

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Micheál Breen
Published 27 Oct 2015
92% complete
MRIX-ray
Case

Longitudinal epiphyseal bracket

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Micheál Breen
Published 05 Nov 2015
89% complete
X-rayMRI
Case

Fibroadipose vascular anomaly

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Micheál Breen
Published 27 Oct 2015
89% complete
MRI
Case

Giant cell tumour of bone: maxilla

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Micheál Breen
Published 29 Oct 2015
93% complete
CT
Article

Proximal femoral fractures (summary)

This is a basic article for medical students and other non-radiologists Proximal femoral fractures are a heterogeneous group of fractures that occur in and around the hip. The commonest type of fracture in this region is the femoral neck fracture. They can occur anywhere between the joint surf...
Case

Gollop-Wolfgang complex

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Katia Kaplan-List
Published 08 Nov 2015
75% complete
X-rayPathology
Article

Ilium

The ilium (pl. ilia) is among the three bones of the innominate bone: ilium, ischium, and pubis. These are individual bones in the youth and unite to form one bone in adults, the principal union being in the acetabulum. Ilium is called so as it supports the 'flank'. The ilium is not to be conf...
Article

Pubis

The pubis, together with the ilium and ischium, make up the innominate bone of the pelvis. These are individual bones in the youth and unite to form one bone in adults, the principal union being in the acetabulum. The pubis is the ventral part of the innominate bone and forms a median cartilagi...
Article

Abductor pollicis brevis

The abductor pollicis brevis is a thin subcutaneous muscle located laterally in the thenar eminence of the hand. Summary origin: mainly from the flexor retinaculum few fibres originate from the tubercles of scaphoid and trapezium and tendon of abductor pollicis longus accessory slips may ori...
Article

Opponens pollicis

The opponens pollicis is one of the muscles of the thenar eminence, deep to abductor pollicis brevis. The three muscles that constitute the thenar eminence muscle group are abductor pollicis brevis, flexor pollicis brevis and opponens pollicis. Summary origin: extends from the trapezial tuberc...
Case

Tuberculous arthropathy (right hip joint)

Mild to moderate ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Francis Dizon
Published 31 Mar 2016
95% complete
MRIX-rayPathology
Article

Manubrium

The manubrium is the superior part of the sternum lying at the level of T3-T4 vertebrae. It forms the superior wall of the anterior mediastinum and its superior border also contributes to the superior thoracic aperture (thoracic inlet). The upper border of the manubrium also serves as the apex f...
Case

Chronic superior labral anteroposterior tear with paralabral cyst

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Shailaja Muniraju
Published 22 Oct 2016
80% complete
MRI
Case

Intraosseous pneumatocyst

Measurement of in...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Sebastian Tschauner
Published 21 Jan 2017
95% complete
CT

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