Items tagged “neurology”

15 results found
Article

McDonald diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis

McDonald diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis are MRI criteria used in the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) were introduced in 2001, revised in 2005, 2010 and more recently in 2016 1. As before the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis requires establishing disease disseminated in both spac...
Article

Open ring sign

The open ring sign is a relatively specific sign for demyelination, most commonly multiple sclerosis (MS), and is helpful in distinguishing between the causes of ring enhancing lesions. Interestingly open ring enhancement is not seen in neuromyelitis optica (NMO).  Radiographic features The en...
Case

Active multiple sclerosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Ali Abougazia
Published 27 Apr 2013
89% complete
MRI
Article

Acute vs chronic ischaemic stroke

Differentiating between acute and chronic infarction on a CT brain is an important skill for many health professionals particularly in the emergency setting: pathology acute: cytotoxic oedema chronic: encephalomalacia; Wallerian degeneration hypoattenuation acute: more dense than CSF chron...
Case

Acute bilateral medial medullary infarction

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Mohammad A. ElBeialy
Published 15 Jul 2013
80% complete
MRI
Case

Multiple sclerosis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 28 Jul 2013
68% complete
MRI
Article

Extradural haemorrhage (summary)

Extradural haemorrhages (EDH) represent collections of blood in the extradural (epidural) space. The haemorrhage sits between the skull superficially and the dura which overlies the brain parenchyma. Reference article This is a summary article; read more in our article on extradural haemorrhag...
Article

Multiple sclerosis (summary)

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating condition affecting the central nervous system. Diagnosis requires good history, clinical examination, appropriate imaging, and laboratory tests (cerebrospinal fluid for IgG index and oligoclonal bands). It is typified by "plaques" of disease w...
Case

Left posterior cerebral artery territory infarct

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 23 Feb 2015
89% complete
MRICT
Case

Acute left middle cerebral artery territory ischaemic stroke

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 17 Apr 2015
98% complete
CT
Case

Left middle cerebral artery territory infarct: calcified embolus

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Henry Knipe
Published 28 Jun 2016
87% complete
CTMRI
Article

Lateral spinothalamic tract

The lateral spinothalamic tract, also known as the lateral spinothalamic fasciculus, is an ascending pathway located anterolaterally within the peripheral white matter of the spinal cord. It is primarily responsible for transmitting pain and temperature as well as coarse touch.  The anterior sp...
Article

Anterior spinothalamic tract

The anterior spinothalamic tract, also known as the ventral spinothalamic fasciculus, is an ascending pathway located anteriorly within the spinal cord, primarily responsible for transmitting coarse touch and pressure.  The lateral spinothalamic tract (discussed separately), in contrast, primar...

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