Items tagged “nuclear medicine”

55 results found
Article

Superscan

Superscan is intense symmetric activity in the bones with diminished renal and soft tissue activity on a Tc99m diphosphonate bone scan. This appearance can result from a range of aetiological factors: diffuse metastatic disease prostatic carcinoma breast cancer transitional cell carcinoma (...
Case

Horseshoe kidney

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 11 May 2010
50% complete
UltrasoundNuclear medicine
Article

Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction

Pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction/stenosis, also known as ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction/stenosis, can be one of the causes of an obstructive uropathy. It can be congenital or acquired with a congenital PUJ obstruction being one of the commonest causes of antenatal hydronephros...
Article

Graves disease

Graves disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease and is the most common cause of thyrotoxicosis (up to 85%). Epidemiology There a strong female predilection with the F:M ratio of at least 5:1. Typically presents in middle age. Clinical presentation Patients are thyrotoxic. Extra-thyroid manif...
Article

Technetium agents

Technetium agents based on the Technetium-99m (Tc-99m) radioisotope are frequently used agent in medical imaging. The radioactive technetium can be chelated to a number of different compounds to create specific radiopharmaceuticals and optimise imaging of various structures: Tc-99m ECD (ethyl c...
Case

Alzheimer disease on SPECT

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Carlos Eduardo Anselmi
Published 29 Sep 2010
41% complete
Nuclear medicine
Case

Calcaneal stress fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
65% complete
Nuclear medicineMRI
Article

Radiopharmaceuticals

Radiopharmaceuticals are drugs that are bound to radioactive substances.  The pharmaceutically active portion determines the activity that will be measured and the radioactive portion emits radiation that can be measured by the scanner. A number of radiopharmaceuticals are used in human imaging...
Article

Tc-99m sulfur colloid

Technetium-99m sulfur colloid is one of the technetium radiopharmaceuticals. Characteristics photon energy: 140 keV physical half-life: 6 hours biological half-life normal distribution: liver: 85% spleen: 10% bone marrow: 5% excretion: hepatic target organ: liver, spleen pharmacokinet...
Article

Xenon-133

Xenon-133 is a radiopharmaceutical principally used when a performing VQ scan. Inhalation of this gas can also be used to assess cerebral blood flow. photon energy: 81 KeV physical half-life: 5.27 days biological half-life: 30 seconds normal distribution: lungs <15% of inhaled gas is absorb...
Article

Iodine-123

Iodine123 (I123) is a radioisotope of the element iodine (atomic number 53) used in nuclear medicine imaging including to scan the thyroid gland.  Uses, dosages, and time of Imaging routine scan: 100-400 microCi po, image at 4-6 or 24 hours thyroid cancer scan: 1.5 mCi po, image at 4-6 or 24 ...
Article

Thyroid scan (I-123)

Thyroid scan (thyroid scintigraphy) is a nuclear medicine examination used to evaluate thyroid tissue.  Clinical indications functional status of a thyroid nodule thyrotoxicosis: differential diagnosis thyroid cancer whole body scan for distant metastases estimation of local residual thyro...
Article

Tc-99m DMSA

Tc-99m DMSA (dimercaptosuccinic acid) is a technetium radiopharmaceutical used in renal imaging to evaluate renal structure and morphology, particularly in paediatric imaging for detection of scarring and pyelonephritis. DMSA is an ideal agent for the assessment of renal cortex as it binds to th...
Article

Tc-99m DTPA

Tc-99m DTPA (diethylene-triamine-pentaacetate) is one of the technetium radiopharmaceuticals used in renal imaging.  Characteristics photon energy: 140 KeV physical half-life: 6 hours biological half-life: 2.5 hours normal distribution: kidneys (100%) pharmacokinetics uptake by glomerular...
Case

Renal artery stenosis caused by aortic dissection

VRT
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Roberto Schubert
Published 25 Jul 2011
77% complete
CTNuclear medicineUltrasound
Article

PET-CT indications

PET-CT is a combination of cross-sectional anatomic information provided by CT and the metabolic information provided by positron emission tomography (PET). PET is most commonly performed with 2-[F-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG). F-18 is an unstable radioisotope and has a half-life of approx...
Article

Tc-99m MAG3

Tc-99m MAG3 (mercaptoacetyltriglycine) is one of the technetium radiopharmaceuticals used in renal imaging. Characteristics photon energy: 140 KeV physical half life: 6 hours biological half life: 4 hours normal distribution: kidneys (100%) pharmacokinetics: uptake by tubular secretion (9...
Article

Tc-99m pertechnetate

Tc-99m pertechnetate is one of the technetium radiopharmaceuticals used in imaging of thyroid, colon, bladder and stomach. Characteristics photon energy: 140 keV physical half-life biological half-life: 6 hours normal distribution: stomach, thyroid, salivary glands, (testicles) excretion: ...
Article

Thyroid scan (Tc-99m)

Tc-99m [pertechnetate] thyroid scan is a functional nuclear medicine study used to assess the thyroid gland. patient preparation fast for 4 hours prior to exam radiopharmaceutical Tc-99m pertechnetate dose and route of administration 3-5 mCi IV time of imaging 20 minutes after Tc-99m per...
Article

Tc-99m HMPAO labelled WBC

Tc-99m HMPAO (hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime) labelled WBC is one of the technetium radiopharmaceuticals used in WBC imaging. Characteristics photon energy: 140 KeV physical half life: 6 hours biological half life: 4 hours normal distribution: spleen, liver, kidney, bone marrow pha...

Updating… Please wait.
Loadinganimation

Alert accept

Error Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

Alert accept Thank you for updating your details.