Items tagged “oesophagus”

77 results found
Article

Candida esophagitis

Candida esophagitis is the most common cause of infectious esophagitis that commonly affects immunocompromised patients. On imaging, it is characterized by irregular plaque-like lesions separated by normal mucosa and small (<1 cm) ulcers, which are assessed on esophagogram studies.   Epidemiolo...
Case

Sliding hiatus hernia

  Diagnosis probable
David Cuete
Published 05 May 2013
66% complete
X-ray
Case

Carcinoma of esophagus

  Diagnosis almost certain
Ayush Goel
Published 31 Jan 2014
80% complete
CT
Case

Esophageal leiomyoma

  Diagnosis probable
Vitalii Rogalskyi
Published 31 May 2014
71% complete
CT
Article

Esophageal leiomyoma

Esophageal leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle neoplasm of the esophagus. It is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus. Epidemiology It is most frequently presents in young and middle age groups (20-50 years). The overall incidence is around 8-43 per 10,000 autopsy series 4. Clinical p...
Article

Esophageal bronchus

Esophageal bronchus, a.k.a. communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformation, refers to the rare occurrence where a bronchus arises directly from the esophagus. Epidemiology It is more common in females with a M:F of 1:2 2.  Gross anatomy Esophageal bronchi may be the main bronchus, which...
Case

Upper esophageal cancer

  Diagnosis certain
Henry Knipe
Published 14 Jul 2014
89% complete
Fluoroscopy CT
Article

A ring (esophagus)

A rings are a type of distal esophageal ring. They are above the B ring and occur a few centimeters proximal to the gastro-esophageal junction. They represent a physiological contraction of esophageal smooth muscle covered by mucosa. A rings are uncommonly symptomatic.
Case

Esophageal web

  Diagnosis certain
Henry Knipe
Published 21 Nov 2014
91% complete
Fluoroscopy
Article

Non-specific esophageal motility disorder

Non-specific esophageal motility disorder (NSMD) is one of the esophageal dysmotility disorders. It is used to describe patients with esophageal dysmotility that do not meet diagnostic criteria for other esophageal motility disorders.  Clinical presentation Patients may be asymptomatic or pres...
Article

Diffuse esophageal spasm

Diffuse/distal esophageal spasm (DOS) is a motility disorder of the esophagus. On barium swallow, diffuse esophageal spasm may appear as a corkscrew esophagus, but this is uncommon. Manometry is the gold standard diagnostic test. Diffuse esophageal spasm differs from hypercontracting esophagus ...
Case

Achalasia

  Diagnosis certain
Oliver Hennessy
Published 27 Jan 2015
88% complete
X-ray
Article

Barrett esophagus

Barrett esophagus is a term for intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus. It is considered the precursor lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Epidemiology Barrett esophagus is thought to have a prevalence of 3-15% in patients with reflux esophagitis. Mean age at diagnosis is 55 years old 5. Ri...
Case

Schatzki ring

  Diagnosis certain
Carlos Andres Perez
Published 02 Jul 2015
86% complete
Annotated image Fluoroscopy
Case

Achalasia

  Diagnosis almost certain
Mario Umana
Published 03 Jul 2015
69% complete
X-ray Fluoroscopy
Case

Phrenic ampulla

  Diagnosis certain
Matt A. Morgan
Published 15 Jul 2015
94% complete
Barium Annotated image
Article

Phrenic ampulla

The phrenic ampulla (also known as the esophageal vestibule) is the region between the A-ring and B-ring of the distal esophagus. The gastro-esophageal junction is below the ampulla (and gastric folds should not enter the region of the ampulla). Differential diagnosis The ampulla is more promi...
Article

Esophageal myotomy

Esophageal myotomy (or Heller myotomy) is a procedure that can be performed to treat a lower esophageal sphincter that fails to relax (e.g. achalasia). The procedure involves a longitudinal incision of the distal esophageal musculature to break the sphincter tone. A fundoplication wrap can be p...
Case

"Ballooning" of the distal esophagus after Heller myotomy

  Diagnosis certain
Matt A. Morgan
Published 21 Jul 2015
97% complete
Barium
Article

Glycogenic acanthosis

Glycogenic acanthosis is a benign finding on esophagography in elderly patients. Epidemiology It most commonly occurs in patients >40 years of age and incidence and numbers of lesions increase by age. No gender predilection exists. Typically patients are asymptomatic.  Pathology It occurs fr...