Items tagged “oesophagus”

77 results found
Article

Esophagectomy

Esophagectomy is a surgical procedure that involves excision of the majority of the esophagus and part of the proximal stomach, usually as a treatment for esophageal carcinoma or carcinoma of the gastric cardia, although benign conditions (e.g. stricture) may - rarely - be treated with this appr...
Article

McKeown procedure

The McKeown procedure ("tri-incisional esophagectomy") is a type of esophagectomy, that is similar in concept to an Ivor Lewis procedure, but it tends to be used for esophageal lesions that are higher in the esophagus. Procedure laparotomy stomach mobilized, the esophagus "gastric tube" may ...
Article

Transhiatal esophagectomy

Transhiatal esophagectomy is a type of esophagectomy, a surgery that removes the distal esophagus, usually for esophageal carcinoma. Removal of the esophagus can be performed through the chest wall (a transthoracic esophagectomy), but the thoracotomy is a major component of patient pain and com...
Article

Fluoroscopic evaluation of esophagectomy

Fluoroscopic evaluation of esophagectomy is an important study, given the high rate of complication following esophagectomy (~10-20% rate of leak). Although the approach will differ slightly depending on the type of esophagectomy performed, the principles are similar. Procedure Preprocedural e...
Case

Barrett esophagus

  Diagnosis certain
Matt A. Morgan
Published 20 Apr 2016
91% complete
Barium
Case

Esophageal perforation - Boerhaave syndrome

  Diagnosis certain
Matt A. Morgan
Published 23 May 2016
97% complete
Fluoroscopy
Article

Per-oral esophageal myotomy (POEM)

Per-oral esophageal myotomy (POEM) is a natural orifice endoscopic surgery that has been gaining increasing use as an alternative to traditional esophageal myotomies (e.g. Heller myotomy and Nissen fundoplication) to treat achalasia by weakening the lower esophageal sphincter. Technique The en...
Case

Zenker diverticulum

  Diagnosis certain
István Kui
Published 19 Oct 2016
82% complete
Barium
Article

HIV esophagitis

HIV esophagitis is a possible cause of odynophagia in immunosuppressed patients with HIV. Epidemiology The actual incidence and prevalence of idiopathic esophagitis of HIV are unknown. Most of the patients have AIDS and a CD4 count <100 cells/mm3  3. Clinical presentation Principal clinical ...
Article

Esophageal squamous papilloma

Esophageal squamous papilloma is an uncommon finding on esophagography (barium swallow). It is a benign lesion, but it is difficult to differentiate it from osophageal carcinoma on esophagography and the diagnosis is usually made with endoscopic biopsy. Clinical presentation Often asymptomatic...
Article

Single contrast upper GI technique

Single contrast upper GI technique is a method of imaging the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with fluoroscopy. "Single contrast" refers to imaging with barium or water-soluble contrast only, without the addition of effervescent granules. Indications The single contrast upper GI study may be ...
Case

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis and eagle syndrome

  Diagnosis certain
Mostafa Elfeky
Published 28 Dec 2018
92% complete
CT
Case

Achalasia

  Diagnosis almost certain
Ahmad Syauqi
Published 08 Oct 2020
75% complete
Barium
Case

Achalasia

  Diagnosis almost certain
Ammar Haouimi
Published 25 Oct 2020
80% complete
CT
Article

Timed barium esophagogram

The timed barium esophagogram (TBO) is a simple physiologic assessment and objective method for assessing the esophageal emptying used in patients with suspected achalasia and to evaluate and follow up patients who have been treated with myotomy or pneumatic dilatation1,3. Technique Several te...
Case

Ivor Lewis gastric pull-up

  Diagnosis certain
Chris Newman
Published 31 Mar 2022
92% complete
CT X-ray
Case

Esophageal carcinoma

  Diagnosis certain
Ashesh Ishwarlal Ranchod
Published 15 Jul 2023
95% complete
CT X-ray Ultrasound