Items tagged “oncology”

470 results found
Case

Osteosarcoma

Dr Hani Salam
Published 08 Mar 2010
38% complete
X-rayMRI
Case

Chondrosarcoma of the base of skull

Chondrosarcoma of...
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 12 Mar 2010
84% complete
MRICT
Article

Radial scar

Radial scar, or complex sclerosing lesion, is a rosette-like proliferative breast lesion. It is not related to surgical scarring. Some authors, however, reserve the latter term to lesions over 1 cm 5.  It is an idiopathic process with sclerosing ductal hyperplasia.  Its significance is that it...
Article

Primary benign cardiac tumours

Primary benign cardiac tumours are much less common than secondary metastatic deposits. However they are more likely when a cardiac mass is seen outside of the setting of terminal metastatic disease. Tumours include 1-2: cardiac myxoma most common in adults accounts for ~50% of all primary be...
Article

FIGO staging system

The FIGO staging systems are determined by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d’Obstétrique). In general, there are five stages: stage 0: carcinoma in situ (common in cervical, vaginal, and vulval cancer) stage I: confined to...
Article

Cancer staging list

Cancer staging using a number of systems to help direct treatment and aid prognosis.  Staging systems TNM FIGO (in gynaecological cancer) Dukes staging system Examples Breast breast cancer staging Chest lung cancer staging malignant pleural mesothelioma staging Gastrointestinal oesop...
Case

Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Mar 2010
68% complete
CT
Article

Germ cell tumours (mnemonic)

A mnemonic for differential diagnosis for germ cell tumours is: SECTE Mnemonic S: seminoma E: embryonal cell carcinoma C: choriocarcinoma T: teratoma E: endodermal sinus tumour (yolk sac tumour)
Article

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is an idiopathic inflammatory condition that involves the cavernous sinus and orbital apex, and is essentially a clinical diagnosis of exclusion. Clinical presentation Clinically it refers to the presence of a painful ophthalmoplegia secondary to surrounding cavernou...
Case

Cavitatory pulmonary metastases from squamous cell carcinoma of floor of mouth

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 24 Mar 2010
72% complete
X-ray
Case

Mature mediastinal teratoma: gross pathology

Image courtesy of...
 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 25 Mar 2010
60% complete
Pathology
Article

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a malignancy arising from lymphocytes or lymphoblasts. Lymphoma can be restricted to the lymphatic system or can arise as extranodal disease. This, along with variable aggressiveness results in a diverse imaging appearance. Epidemiology Lymphoma accounts for ~4% of all cancers 4. T...
Article

Causes of perfusion defects on a VQ scan

There are several causes leading to a perfusion defect on a VQ scan with an acute pulmonary embolus being only one of them: Vascular causes acute pulmonary embolus previous pulmonary embolus (including fat embolism, thromboembolism, air embolism, tumour) vasculitides affecting the pulmonary ...
Article

2008 WHO classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues

The 2008 WHO classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues is at the time of writing (mid 2016) the most widely used classification system.   Classification Hodgkin lymphoma nodular lymphocyte predominance classical Hodgkin lymphoma nodular sclerosing mixed cellularity ...
Article

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma

Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma is a distinct entity, recognised in the WHO classification of lymphoma. Epidemiology Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma accounts approximately 5% of large B-cell lymphoma, which is usually disseminated or found in the abdomen. There appears to b...
Case

Gastrointestinal stromal tumour

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 27 Mar 2010
79% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Peripheral nerve sheath tumour

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 27 Mar 2010
66% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Transitional cell carcinoma of urinary bladder

Transitional cell...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 27 Mar 2010
69% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis

Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis is the late manifestation of radiation-induced lung disease (RILD) and is relatively common following radiotherapy for chest wall or intrathoracic malignancies. This article does not deal with changes seen in the acute phase. Please refer to the article on r...
Case

Submandibular gland lesion - oncocytoma

4

Oncocytoma of ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 09 Apr 2010
60% complete
Ultrasound

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