Items tagged “oncology”

476 results found
Article

Terminal ileitis (differential)

The differential diagnosis for a terminal ileitis is quite extensive, and includes: inflammatory bowel disease Crohn's disease (most common) backwash ileitis due to ulcerative colitis infectious colitis Yersinia spp.  Yersinia enterocolitica Yersinia pseduotuberculosis Salmonella spp. C...
Article

Fascicular sign

Fascicular sign is a finding on T2-weighted MRI images that suggests a lesion of neurogenic origin. It is characterised by multiple small ring-like structures with peripheral hyperintensity representing the fascicular bundles within the nerves. It is found in various neurogenic tumours, includi...
Case

Scalp squamous cell carcinoma with brain invasion

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 21 Aug 2012
74% complete
CT
Article

Spinal astrocytoma

Spinal astrocytomas are the second most common spinal cord tumour overall, representing 40% of intramedullary tumours 3. They account for 60% of paediatric intramedullary tumours, making them the most common spinal cord tumour in children 6. This article specifically relates to spinal astrocyto...
Case

Cerebral tumour haemorrhage

 Diagnosis almost certain
Townsville radiology training
Published 30 Aug 2012
62% complete
CT
Case

Humeral osteolytic lesion

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 01 Sep 2012
63% complete
X-ray
Case

Peripheral soft tissue tumour

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 04 Sep 2012
66% complete
Ultrasound
Article

RECIST 1.1: comparison with RECIST 1.0

For both RECIST 1.0 and 1.1, the requirement for measurable disease at baseline depends on the endpoints of the clinical trial. Fundamental concept common to both versions of RECIST: measurable lesions are those you CAN measure (determined at baseline). From these, select the target lesions as ...
Article

Anal cancer

Anal cancer is a relatively uncommon malignancy. It accounts for less than 2% of large bowel malignancies and 1-6% of anorectal tumours (~1.5% of all gastrointestinal tract malignancies in the United States 14).  Epidemiology There may be a slight male predilection where its incidence has been...
Article

Primary pulmonary lymphoma

Primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL) refers to a clonal lymphoid proliferation affecting the lungs without any detectable extrapulmonary involvement. It is a much rarer type of pulmonary lymphoma and is most frequently represented by lymphoma of B cell lineage - often marginal zone B-cell lymphoma o...
Article

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a malignancy arising from lymphocytes or lymphoblasts. Lymphoma can be restricted to the lymphatic system or can arise as extranodal disease. This, along with variable aggressiveness results in a diverse imaging appearance. Epidemiology Lymphoma accounts for ~4% of all cancers 4. T...
Article

2008 WHO classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues

The 2008 WHO classification of tumours of haematopoietic and lymphoid tissues is at the time of writing (mid 2016) the most widely used classification system.   Classification Hodgkin lymphoma nodular lymphocyte predominance classical Hodgkin lymphoma nodular sclerosing mixed cellularity ...
Article

Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma or Hodgkin disease (HD) is a type of lymphoma and accounts for ~1% of all cancers. HD spreads contiguously and predictably along lymphatic pathways and is curable in ~90% of cases, depending on its stage and sub-type. Epidemiology There is a bimodal distribution in the age of ...
Case

Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia

The mass is of ho...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jan Frank Gerstenmaier
Published 20 Feb 2013
75% complete
CTMRI
Case

Soft tissue Ewing sarcoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 07 Mar 2013
95% complete
MRI
Case

Generalised lymphadenopathy: cause unknown

 Diagnosis certain
Dr David Puebla
Published 16 Mar 2013
92% complete
CT
Case

Intraconal extra-ocular malignant melanoma metastasis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jan Frank Gerstenmaier
Published 22 Mar 2013
83% complete
CT
Case

Neutropaenic enterocolitis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jan Frank Gerstenmaier
Published 22 Mar 2013
77% complete
CT
Article

Adrenal adenoma

Adrenal adenomas are the most common adrenal mass lesion and are often found incidentally during abdominal imaging for other reasons. In all cases, but especially in the setting of known current or previous malignancy, adrenal adenomas need to be distinguished from adrenal metastases or other ad...
Article

Bone marrow

Normal bone marrow is divided into red and yellow marrow, a distinction made on the grounds of how much fat it contains. Gross anatomy Red marrow is composed of: haematopoietic cells supporting stroma reticulum (phagocytes and undifferentiated progenitor cells) scattered fat cells a rich ...

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