Items tagged “oncology”

476 results found
Case

Sigmoidorectal intussusception caused by adenocarcinoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Erik Ranschaert
Published 05 Sep 2010
86% complete
CT
Article

Adult cervical lymphadenopathy (differential)

Cervical lymphadenopathy in an adult can result from a vast number of conditions. They include: malignancy metastases  from head and neck tumours lymphoma other neoplastic lesions Castleman disease Kaposi sarcoma infection bacterial infection viral infection Epstein-Barr virus herpes...
Article

Incidentaloma

An incidentaloma is a radiological neologism to denote a mass lesion found incidentally and of dubious clinical significance. Although it can refer to any incidental lesion (e.g. pituitary 3, thyroid 4), it is most often used to denote an incidental adrenal lesion, which is commonly an adrenal a...
Case

Pilocytic astrocytoma

Pilocytic astrocy...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 26 Sep 2010
75% complete
CTMRI
Article

Leiomyosarcoma

Leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are extremely rare malignant neoplasms that originate from smooth muscle cells and may be considered the malignant counterpart of a leiomyoma. They are classified as a soft tissue tumour and account for ~8% of malignant soft tissue tumours 10. Pathology Location  Leiomyo...
Case

Metastases from follicular carcinoma thyroid

Intra-axial lesio...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Paresh K Desai
Published 30 Sep 2010
92% complete
MRI
Case

Sacrococcygeal yolk sac tumour

Sacrococcygeal yo...
Dr Hani Salam
Published 01 Oct 2010
45% complete
CT
Case

Lung metastases from non seminomatous germ cell tumour of testis

Multiple well sof...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Gagandeep Choudhary
Published 02 Oct 2010
62% complete
X-rayCT
Article

Bone lesions with sequestrum

There are several bony lesions that can involve or depict a sequestrum. They include: Common brodie abscess: osteomyelitis Less common eosinophilic granuloma certain soft tissue tumours (with bony extension)  malignant fibrous histiocytoma lymphoma metastasis (especially from breast ca...
Case

Osteosarcoma

XR - Left lower e...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Bruno Di Muzio
Published 07 Oct 2010
75% complete
X-rayMRICT
Case

Medulloblastoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 07 Oct 2010
98% complete
CTMRI
Article

Urethral diverticulum

Urethral diverticulum, or urethrocoele, is a focal outpouching of the urethra. It should not be confused with a ureterocoele of the distal ureter. Epidemiology Urethral diverticula occur far more frequently in women than in men and are estimated to occur in 1-6% of women, especially those with...
Article

Tumours of the male urethra

Tumours of the male urethra are uncommon. They can be categorised both on the grounds of histology and location. Histology squamous cell carcinoma of the urethra: 80% urothelial/transitional cell carcinoma of the urethra: 15% (predominantly posterior urethra) adenocarcinoma of the urethra: 5...
Case

Venous malformation in the limb of a newborn

Right knee

Soft ...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Erik Ranschaert
Published 10 Oct 2010
56% complete
X-rayMRI
Article

Adrenal haemangioma

Adrenal haemangiomas are rare benign tumours that are usually incidentally identified (one example of an adrenal incidentaloma). Its significance mainly relates to the difficulty in differentiation from other malignant lesions.  Epidemiology Although these can be found at any age, they are mos...
Case

Glomus tumour: index finger

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Gagandeep Choudhary
Published 11 Oct 2010
40% complete
X-rayMRI
Article

Testicular teratoma

Testicular teratoma, unlike ovarian teratoma, is often aggressive in its biological behaviour, and often exists as part of testicular mixed germ cell tumours.   Epidemiology Pure testicular teratomas account for only 4-9% of all testicular tumours. A similar number are seen in the context of t...
Article

Mantle cell lymphoma

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and accounts for ~5% of all NHL. It is a malignant neoplasm of virgin B cells that closely resemble normal mantle zone B cells surrounding germinal centres. Epidemiology They occur in older adults (mean age ~60 years). There is...
Article

Carcinosarcoma

Carcinosarcomas are highly malignant biphasic tumours with both carcinomatous (epithelial) and sarcomatous (bone, cartilage, or skeletal muscle) components.  Pathology It can arise in many organs: lung 5: pulmonary carcinosarcoma oesophagus 1: oesophageal carcinosarcoma genitourinary tract ...
Article

Pulmonary lymphoma

Pulmonary lymphoma refers to lung parenchymal involvement with lymphoma. It can be broadly divided as primary or secondary. primary pulmonary lymphoma: (rare) usually non-Hodgkin lymphoma which is limited to the lung with or without mediastinal lymph node involvement and with no evidence of ex...

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