Items tagged “ortho”

8 results found

Girdlestone procedure

The Girdlestone procedure (also known as a femoral head ostectomy or Girdlestone resection arthroplasty) is an excision arthroplasty of the hip. The procedure inevitably results in limb shortening. Indications  peri-prosthetic infection aseptic loosening recurrent dislocation failed interna...

Butterfly fragment (fracture)

Butterfly fragments are large, triangular fracture fragments seen commonly in comminuted long bone fractures. The term is commonly used in orthopaedic surgery, and results from two oblique fracture lines meeting to create a large triangular or wedge-shaped fragment located between the proximal a...

Open reduction-internal fixation

Open reduction-internal fixation, commonly abbreviated to ORIF, refers to the orthopaedic operative management of a fracture (or fracture-dislocation complex) where reduction requires surgical (hence open) approach and internal fixation is applied. Internal fixation may be in the form of: scre...

Close reduction-internal fixation

Closed reduction-internal fixation, abbreviated to CRIF, refers to the orthopaedic operative management of a fracture (or fracture-dislocation complex) where closed reduction is performed (manipulation) and internal fixation is applied, usually in the form of K-wires to stabilise the fracture. ...

Closed reduction

Closed reduction or manipulation is a common non-invasive method of treating mildly displaced fractures. Usually performed in an emergency department or orthopaedic clinic with light sedation and analgesia, the fracture is manipulated back into anatomic alignment and immobilised with a cast, bra...

Pirogoff amputation

The Pirogoff amputation is a surgical procedure where the forefoot and talus are removed and calcaneotibial arthrodesis is performed. It is usually performed for advanced diabetic or atherosclerotic disease causing gangrene or infection, but may also be indicated in trauma, malignancy, osteomyel...

Talonavicular dislocation

Talonavicular dislocations are a rare injury, and is caused by forced extreme abduction or adduction of the forefoot. They are often associated with calcaneocuboid dislocation (often transient) and calcaneal fractures (and are then called transcalcaneal talonavicular dislocations). See also ta...

Periprosthetic fracture

Periprosthetic fractures can occur around any joint replacement and commonly occur around knee and hip arthroplasties. Epidemiology Periprosthetic fractures complicate around 1% of total hip arthroplasties and ~1.5% of total knee arthroplasties 1,2. Radiographic features They can be difficul...

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