Items tagged “paediatrics”

27 results found
Article

Beta angle (developmental dysplasia of the hip)

The beta angle is a measurement used in the ultrasonographic assessment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). It is defined as the angle formed between the vertical cortex of the ilium and the triangular labral fibrocartilage (echogenic triangle) and thus reflects the femoral head cartil...
Article

Acetabular angle

The acetabular angle is a radiographic measurement used when evaluating potential developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).  It is most useful in patients who have started to ossify the epiphysis since ossification diminishes the usefulness of ultrasound. The angle is formed by a horizontal lin...
Article

Ebstein anomaly

Ebstein anomaly is an uncommon congenital cardiac anomaly, characterised by a variable developmental anomaly of the tricuspid valve. Epidemiology The anomaly accounts for only ~0.5% of congenital cardiac defects 6-7, although it is the most common cause of congenital tricuspid regurgitation. T...
Article

Transposition of the great arteries

Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is the most common cyanotic congenital cardiac anomaly with cyanosis in the first 24 hours of life. It accounts for up to 7% of all congenital cardiac anomalies 1  and can be assessed with echocardiography, gated cardiac CT, or cardiac MRI. Epidemiology...
Article

Epiglottitis

Epiglottitis is a life-threatening condition caused by inflammation of the epiglottis and aryepiglottic folds 1,  which can lead to acute airway obstruction. Hence, treatment should be urgent and performed by appropriately trained individuals, e.g. instrumentation of the trachea should be perfor...
Article

Paediatric urinary tract infection

Paediatric urinary tract infections are common and are a source of significant imaging in young children. Epidemiology Paediatric urinary tract infections affect up to 2.8% of all children every year, with approximately 2% of boys and 8% or more of girls developing a urinary tract infection at...
Case

Metatarsus adductus

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Basab Bhattacharya
Published 07 Jul 2010
72% complete
X-ray
Article

Cleidocranial dysostosis

Cleidocranial dysostosis (CCD), also known as cleidocranial dysplasia, is a rare skeletal dysplasia with predominantly membranous bone involvement, which carries an autosomal dominant inheritance 4. Clinical presentation large head, with large fontanelles with delayed closure broad mandible ...
Case

Osteoblastoma

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Paul Smith
Published 04 Oct 2010
59% complete
X-rayCTNuclear medicineMRI
Case

Ectrodactyly

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Paul Smith
Published 10 Nov 2010
60% complete
X-ray
Article

Caput succedaneum

Caput succedaneum is a manifestation of birth trauma, and it consists of a subcutaneous serosanguineous fluid collection beneath the newborn's scalp. The fluid collection is extra-periosteal. It may be imaged with ultrasound, CT, or MRI. Caput succedaneum results from pressure on the presenting...
Article

Juvenile granulosa cell tumour (ovary)

Juvenile granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (JGCT) are a less common subtype of granulosa cell tumour of the ovary (~5% of cases). They are classified as ovarian sex cord / stromal tumours. Epidemiology It typically occurs in premenarchal girls and young women. The mean age of presentation is...
Article

Elbow joint effusion

An elbow joint effusion is a key finding to recognise on an elbow radiograph and should be used as a trigger to search for a fracture.  Finding an effusion  Recognising an elbow joint effusion on lateral radiographs is an essential radiology skill. While the fluid itself is not discretely seen...
Case

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohammad A. ElBeialy
Published 15 Jul 2013
92% complete
MRIAnnotated image
Case

Bilateral congenital radioulnar synostosis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 12 Aug 2013
85% complete
X-rayDiagram
Case

Right upper lobe pneumonia

 Diagnosis probable
Dr Ian Bickle
Published 15 Jan 2014
66% complete
X-ray
Case

Neuroblastoma with skull metastases

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Tamir Abdeljawad Ajeez
Published 06 Aug 2014
83% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Pelizaeus Merzbacher disease

Severe hypoplasia...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Matt A. Morgan
Published 18 Nov 2014
77% complete
MRI
Article

Kabuki syndrome

Kabuki syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome) is a rare polydysplasia that is thought to be more common in Japan. Epidemiology Estimated incidence of 1:32,000 in Japan. Sporadically seen elsewhere in the world. The reason for the disparity in incidence is controversial. Pathology The cause for t...
Article

Gonadoblastoma

Gonadoblastomas are uncommon sex cord / stromal tumours. They are associated with disorders of sexual development (previously known as "intersex disorders"). Epidemiology The vast majority are found <30 years of age. Most are discovered in the perinatal period. May occur in phenotypic males or...

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