Items tagged “pelvic mri”
51 results found
Mature cystic ovarian teratoma
Ovarian dermoid cyst and mature cystic ovarian teratoma are terms often used interchangeably to refer to the most common ovarian neoplasm. These slow-growing tumors contain elements from multiple germ cell layers and are best assessed with ultrasound. Terminology Although they have very simil...
Endometriosis is a common and clinically important problem in women of childbearing age. It is classically defined as the presence of functional endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity and its musculature. This is distinct from adenomyosis, in which endometrial tissue is confine...
An arcuate uterus is a mildly variant shape of the uterus. It is technically one of the Müllerian duct anomalies, but is often classified as a normal variant. It is the uterine anomaly that is least commonly associated with reproductive failure. Arcuate uterus can be characterized with ultrasoun...
Rectal cancer (T3) and huge fibroids
Diagnosis almost certain
Published 01 Sep 2009
Endometriomas, also known as chocolate cysts or endometriotic cysts, are a localized form of endometriosis and are usually within the ovary. They are readily diagnosed on ultrasound, with most demonstrating classical radiographic features. Epidemiology These occur women of reproductive age. ...
Adenomyosis is a common, benign uterine pathology. It is thought by many to be on the spectrum of endometriosis, with ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium. Adenomyosis may present with menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. Ultrasound and MRI are imaging modalities that may show characteristic fi...
Ovarian thecomas are benign ovarian tumors of sex cord / stromal (mesenchymal) origin. They are thought to account for approximately 0.5-1% of all ovarian tumors. As ovarian thecomas secrete estrogen, they are described as functional ovarian tumors. Epidemiology They typically present in older...
Hydrosalpinx is a descriptive term and refers to a fluid-filled dilatation of the fallopian tube. Clinical presentation Patients may be asymptomatic or may present with pelvic pain or infertility. Pathology One or both fallopian tubes may be affected. A hydrosalpinx results from an accumula...
Ovarian mucinous cystadenoma
Mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary is at the benign end of the spectrum of mucin-containing epithelial ovarian tumors. Epidemiology The estimated peak incidence is at around 30-50 years of age. They comprise approximately 80% of mucinous ovarian tumors and 20-25% of all benign ovarian tumors....
Pyosalpinx refers to a Fallopian tube that is filled, and often distended, with pus. Pathology A pyosalpinx often tends to be a complication of background pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Inflammation results in tubal and peritubal adhesions with superimposed obstruction of the fimbrial end....
A hematosalpinx refers to intraluminal blood within the Fallopian tube (often dilated). Pathology Causes include tubal ectopic pregnancy: common cause 1 endometriosis: common cause 5 tubal carcinoma pelvic inflammatory disease fallopian tube torsion retrograde menstruation uterine cerv...
Ovarian serous cystadenoma
Ovarian serous cystadenomas are a type of benign ovarian epithelial tumor at the benign end of the spectrum of ovarian serous tumors. Epidemiology Serous cystadenomas account for ~60% of ovarian serous tumors 1. They are the commonest type of ovarian epithelial neoplasm. The peak incidence is ...
Ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma
Ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma is an ovarian epithelial tumor at the malignant end of the spectrum of ovarian serous tumors. Epidemiology They account for the largest proportion of malignant ovarian tumors 1, representing over 50-80% of all malignant epithelial ovarian tumors 4. The prevale...
Ovarian mucinous tumors
Ovarian mucinous tumors are a subgroup of ovarian epithelial tumors. They represent ~20% of all ovarian tumors and ~10% of all malignant ovarian tumors. They are subdivided according to their malignant potential and clinical behavior into: ovarian mucinous cystadenoma ovarian borderline mucino...
Ovarian cystic neoplasms
Ovarian cystic neoplasms can be either benign or malignant and can arise from epithelial, stromal, or germ cell components. In general, the risk of malignancy in unilocular cystic tumors <10 cm in women over the age of 50 years is thought to be low 3-4. benign ovarian mature cystic teratoma c...
Ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma
Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary is a rare malignant ovarian mucinous tumor. This type can account for 5-10% of all ovarian mucinous tumors. It is a type of ovarian epithelial tumor. Pathology Retrospective studies have suggested that many mucinous carcinomas initially diagnosed as pr...
Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary
Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST) of the ovary is a rare ovarian neoplasm. It is considered a subtype of ovarian sex cord / stromal tumor and is included in the fibroma-thecoma group of ovarian tumors 9. Epidemiology It occurs predominantly in young women, and its incidence peaks around the 2nd t...
Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor
Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCT), also known as an ovarian androblastomas, are a subtype of ovarian sex cord-stromal tumor. Epidemiology They are rare and only account for ~0.5% of all ovarian tumors. While they can present at any age, they typically present <30 years old, with a mean...
Epithelial ovarian tumors
Ovarian epithelial tumors account for the majority of all ovarian tumors (60-70%) and their malignant forms represent >90% of ovarian cancers 1. They can range from being benign to highly malignant. Epidemiology There is a difference in frequency of ovarian tumor subtypes depending on menopaus...
Diagnosis almost certain
Published 24 Oct 2012