Items tagged “pelvis”

103 results found
Article

Aggressive angiomyxoma

Aggressive angiomyxomas are rare tumours that arise in the pelvis and typically cross the the levator ani muscles. Despite its name, it is essentially a benign tumour and the term "aggressive" is given due to a predilection for local recurrence. Only rarely does it metastasize. Epidemiology It...
Article

Uterine tube

The uterine tube, also known as the fallopian tube, is a paired structure that bridges between each ovary and the uterus and functions to convey the mature ovum from the former to the latter. If conception occurs, it normally does so within the tube. It can be affected by a wide range of patholo...
Article

Osteitis pubis

Osteitis pubis (OP) is characterised by non-infectious inflammation of the pubic symphysis.  Clinical presentation Presentation is typically with varying degrees of pelvic and/or perineal pain, reproduced on hip adduction.  Pathology Although the aetiology is sometimes unknown, the most comm...
Article

Shenton line

Shenton line is an imaginary curved line drawn along the inferior border of the superior pubic ramus (superior border of the obturator foramen) and along the inferomedial border of the neck of femur. This line should be continuous and smooth.   Interruption of the Shenton line can indicate (in ...
Article

Ovaries

The ovaries are paired female gonads of the reproductive and endocrine systems. They lie within the ovarian fossa on the posterior wall of the true pelvis.  Gross anatomy The ovaries are ovoid in shape and measure approximately 1.5-3.0 cm x 1.5-3.0 cm x 1.0-2.0 cm (length x width x thickness) ...
Article

Cervix

The cervix is the lower constricted segment of the uterus. Owing to its relationships, it is less freely movable than the uterine body, so that the latter may bend on it. The long axis of the cervix is therefore seldom in the same straight line as the long axis of the uterine body.  Gross anato...
Article

Uterus

The uterus is a hollow, thick-walled, muscular organ of the female reproductive tract that lies in the lesser pelvis.   Gross anatomy The uterus has an inverted pear shape. In the adult, it measures about 7.5 cm in length, 5 cm wide at its upper part, and nearly 2.5 cm in thickness. It weighs ...
Article

Vagina

The vagina is a midline fibromuscular tubular structure positioned in the female perineum extending superiorly to the cervix and uterus in the pelvis.  Gross anatomy The vagina is 8-10 cm in length, extending posterosuperior from the vestibule through the urogenital diaphragm to the uterus. Th...
Article

Piriformis

The piriformis muscle is a muscle in the gluteal region of the lower limb. Summary origin: sacrum course: exits the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen insertion: greater trochanter of the femur action: abduction and lateral rotation of the thigh arterial supply superior gluteal ar...
Article

Sciatic nerve

The sciatic nerve arises from the sacral plexus from the roots of L4-S3 and runs through the buttock and down the lower limb. It is the longest and widest single nerve in the body. Summary origin: sacral plexus (L4-S3) course: exits the pelvis through the greater sciatic foramen to enter the ...
Article

Pelvis

The term pelvis can refer to either the bony pelvis or the pelvic cavity. Bony pelvis The bony pelvis is formed by the sacrum and coccyx and a pair of hip bones ("ossa coxae"), which are part of the appendicular skeleton. Its primary function is the transmission of forces from the axial skelet...
Article

Uterine artery

The uterine artery is seen bilaterally and is a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. Gross anatomy Course It runs medially in the pelvis, within the base of the broad ligament, to the outer surface of the uterus. From lateral to medial it has a descending, transverse ...
Case

Nerve sheath tumour - malignant - sacrum

Axial
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Dec 2008
86% complete
CT
Article

Pelvic peritoneal space

The pelvic peritoneal space is the inferior reflection of the peritoneum over the fundus of the urinary bladder and the front of the rectum at the junction of its middle and lower thirds. In females, the reflection is also over the anterior and posterior surface of the uterus and the upper poste...
Case

Bone island (small - sacral ala - xray)

 Diagnosis probable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 28 Apr 2009
41% complete
X-ray
Article

Müllerian duct anomalies

Müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs) are congenital abnormalities that occur when the Müllerian ducts (paramesonephric ducts) do not develop correctly. This may be as a result of complete agenesis, defective vertical or lateral fusion, or resorption failure. Epidemiology MDAs are estimated to occur...
Case

Skeletal metastasis: probable

 Diagnosis probable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 03 Nov 2009
44% complete
X-ray
Case

Ewing sarcoma - acetabulum

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 16 Dec 2009
75% complete
MRIX-rayCTNuclear medicine
Case

Symphysis pubis septic arthritis

 Diagnosis possible
Dr Laughlin Dawes
Published 24 Dec 2009
62% complete
MRI
Case

Developmental dysplasia of the hip

DDH : 30 month old
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 02 Feb 2010
57% complete
X-ray

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