Items tagged “pregnancy”

42 results found
Article

Umbilical cord

The umbilical cord is a fetal organ that connects the placenta to the developing fetus and is a vital passage for nutrients, oxygen and waste products to and from the fetus. Gross anatomy The umbilical cord inserts into the center of the placental bulk and into the fetus at the umbilicus. Vari...
Case

Fetal esophagus (normal ultrasound)

 Diagnosis not applicable
Maulik S Patel
Published 03 Aug 2013
60% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Live intrauterine gestation

 Diagnosis almost certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 03 Dec 2013
82% complete
Ultrasound
Article

Trauma in pregnancy

Trauma is a leading cause of mortality in pregnancy. Pregnancy increases the incidence and severity of abdominal trauma in females.  Epidemiology Trauma affects up to 7% of pregnancies, and the incidence of pregnancy in level 1 trauma patients is estimated to be ~2% 1.  Pathology Etiology 9...
Case

Traumatic placental abruption

 Diagnosis almost certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 18 Feb 2014
77% complete
CT
Article

Hamman syndrome

Hamman syndrome, also known as Macklin syndrome, refers to spontaneous pneumomediastinum along with subcutaneous emphysema. Epidemiology It is a rare entity most often encountered in young adults. It is a known entity peri- and postpartum 3. Clinical presentation The condition is most common...
Article

Chorionic bump

Chorionic bump is a finding that can be uncommonly seen in a first-trimester scan. It may represent a small hematoma bulging into the gestational sac or an anembryonic (failed) second pregnancy that is being resorbed. It is also seen in some patients undergoing infertility treatment. Epidemiolo...
Article

Dystocia of shoulder

Shoulder dystocia (SD) refers to the failure of the shoulder to be delivered during childbirth and the need for extra-obstetric maneuvers to facilitate their passage after normal smooth gentle downward traction has failed. Dystocia literally means difficult labor. Epidemiology The incidence of...
Article

Cephalopelvic disproportion

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) occurs when there is a mismatch between the size of the fetal head and the maternal pelvis causing a difficulty in the safe passage of the fetus through the birth canal. Pathology Cephalopelvic disproportion may be caused by the fetal head outgrowing the capac...
Article

Peripartum/postpartum cardiomyopathy

Peripartum/postpartum cardiomyopathy is a dilated cardiomyopathy that may occur in the last trimester of pregnancy through the first several months postpartum. Epidemiology The estimated incidence in the United States ranges from one in 900 to one in 4000 live births, with an increased inciden...
Case

Pregnancy of uncertain viability

 Diagnosis certain
RMH Core Conditions
Published 10 Feb 2015
91% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Chest x-ray in normal pregnancy

 Diagnosis certain
Henry Knipe
Published 06 May 2015
88% complete
X-ray
Article

Traumatic abruptio placenta scale

The traumatic abruptio placenta scale (TAPS) was devised to stratify placental injury findings on CT. Since placental abruption is a concern in a pregnant patient who has undergone traumatic injury, CT is occasionally the first imaging modality used to evaluate the placenta. 0: normal homogeneo...
Case

Bilateral adrenal vein thrombosis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Fabien Ho
Published 05 Feb 2018
73% complete
CTMRIUltrasound
Case

Acute appendicitis in pregnancy (MRI)

 Diagnosis certain
Vikas Shah
Published 23 Apr 2018
95% complete
MRI
Article

Pre-eclampsia

Pre-eclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy involving new-onset hypertension (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg) and involvement of one or more other organ systems. Epidemiology Pre-eclampsia affects up to 8% of pregnancies 1. Risk factors diabetes mellitus 2 chronic hypertension ...
Case

Twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) - illustration

 Diagnosis not applicable
Matt Skalski
Published 21 Jun 2019
29% complete
Diagram
Case

Twin reversed arterial perfusion - illustration

 Diagnosis not applicable
Matt Skalski
Published 21 Jun 2019
29% complete
Diagram
Case

Interstitial pregnancy (illustration)

 Diagnosis not applicable
Fardad Behzadi
Published 08 Apr 2020
50% complete
Diagram
Article

Radiation effects on embryonic and fetal development

Radiation effects on embryonic and fetal development are generally considered low risk compared to the normal risks of pregnancy. Most diagnostic x-ray and nuclear medicine examinations are <50 mSv and have not been demonstrated to produce any significant impact on fetal growth and development. ...