Items tagged “renal”

33 results found
Case

Duplicated renal collecting system with ectopic ureter

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Mohammad Taghi Niknejad
Published 10 Dec 2012
89% complete
CT
Article

Renal haemosiderosis

Renal hemosiderosis results from accumulation of hemosiderin in the kidneys. Renal haemosiderosis is a known complication of the following conditions: chronic intravascular hemolytic states such as haemolytic anaemias like sickle cell anemia and thalassemia 1,3 paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglo...
Case

Duplicated left renal vein

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Chris O'Donnell
Published 20 Nov 2012
68% complete
CT
Case

Supernumerary kidney

Prone 30 minutes ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Avni K P Skandhan
Published 17 Oct 2013
86% complete
CT
Article

Supernumerary kidney

Supernumerary kidneys are a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital system, where there are one or two accessory kidneys. Epidemiology Less than 100 cases are documented.  Clinical presentation Patients may be asymptomatic. If present symptoms range from fever, pain to abdominal mass. Thes...
Article

Spotted nephrogram

A spotted nephrogram refers to non homogenous, irregular, patchy renal parenchymal enhancement seen predominantly on angiograms. Pathology It is considered to be due to focal areas of cortical ischaemia or necrosis seen as a result of small vessel occlusion. This abnormal perfusion pattern can...
Article

Moth eaten calyces

Moth eaten calyx refers to the ragged, feathery calyceal outline due to irregular erosions of the calyx. It is one of the earliest excretory urographic appearance of genitourinary tuberculosis.  Pathology This appearance is due to necrotizing papillitis, which may further progress to form medu...
Article

Kidneys

The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal organs that lie at the level of the T12 to L3 vertebral bodies. Gross anatomy Location The kidneys are located on the posterior abdominal wall, with one on either side of the vertebral column, in the perirenal space. The long axis of the kidney is parall...
Article

Abnormal renal rotation

Abnormal renal rotation (renal malrotation) refers to an anatomical variation in the position of the kidneys, in particular to anomalous orientation of the renal hilum. It may occur unilaterally or bilaterally. It is almost always an asymptomatic incidental finding.  Epidemiology Malrotation i...
Article

Renal vein

The renal veins are asymmetric paired veins that drain the kidneys.  Gross anatomy Course The renal vein is formed by the union of two-to-three renal parenchymal veins in the renal sinus. It emerges from the renal hilum anterior to the renal artery and drains into the inferior vena cava at th...
Case

Acute pyelonephritis

 Diagnosis probable
Dr David Cuete
Published 29 Dec 2013
62% complete
CT
Case

Medullary nephrocalcinosis

Low power histolo...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Ryan
Published 06 Aug 2014
75% complete
Pathology
Case

Right kidney malrotation

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Arthur Daire
Published 08 Sep 2014
92% complete
CT
Case

Horseshoe kidney

Oblique reformatt...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Abdel-Rahman Abdel-Halim
Published 10 Oct 2014
97% complete
CT
Article

Renal cyst

Renal cysts are a common finding in the kidneys. Findings common to all "simple" renal cysts are well-marginated, thin walls with no enhancement of the cyst. They can be diagnosed on ultrasound, CT, or MRI. A cystic lesion in the kidney that deviates from the typical "simple" cyst appearance sho...
Article

Juxtaglomerular cell tumour

Juxtaglomerular cell tumour (JGCT) is an infrequent renal tumour of the juxtaglomerular cells. These cells secrete renin and often cause severe hypertension and hypokalaemia. Epidemiology JGCT affects all age groups, but is most common in adolescents and young adults, with peak prevalence in t...
Article

Renal osteodystrophy

Renal osteodystrophy (ROD), also known as uraemic osteopathy, is the constellation of musculoskeletal abnormalities that occur in patients with chronic renal failure, due to concurrent and superimposed: osteomalacia (adults) / rickets (children) secondary hyperparathyroidism: abnormal calcium ...
Article

Wunderlich syndrome

Wunderlich syndrome is a rare condition, in which spontaneous nontraumatic renal haemorrhage occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces 2. Clinical features Wunderlich syndrome is clinically characterized by Lenk's triad acute flank pain flank mass hypovolaemic shock Pathology Aetio...
Case

Renal abscess causing renal vein thrombosis: thrombophlebitis

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Chris O'Donnell
Published 28 May 2015
95% complete
MRICT
Case

Renal trauma grading diagrams

 Diagnosis not applicable
Dr Matt Skalski
Published 23 Jun 2015
35% complete
Diagram

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