Items tagged “rg_40_5_edit”

10 results found
Article

Acromioclavicular injury

Acromioclavicular joint (AC) injuries are characterized by damage to the acromioclavicular joint and surrounding structures. Almost invariably traumatic in etiology, they range in severity from a mild sprain to complete disruption. Epidemiology AC joint injuries can occur at any age but most f...
Article

Clavicular fracture

Clavicular fractures are common and account for ~5% (range 2.6-10%) of all fractures 2,3. They usually require minimal treatment, which relies on analgesia and a collar-and-cuff. However, in some cases, open reduction and internal fixation are required. Epidemiology Clavicular fractures are mo...
Article

Acromioclavicular joint

The acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) is a planar diarthrodial synovial joint of the pectoral girdle. Gross anatomy The acromioclavicular joint is between the small facet of the convex distal clavicle and flat anteromedial acromion. The articular surfaces are lined with fibrocartilage (like the st...
Article

Salpingitis isthmica nodosa

Salpingitis isthmica nodosa (SIN), sometimes also referred to as perisalpingitis isthmica nodosa or diverticulosis of the Fallopian tube, refers to nodular scarring of the Fallopian tubes. In very early stages, the tubes may appear almost normal. As scarring and nodularity progress, the changes ...
Article

Parathyroid adenoma

Parathyroid adenomas are benign tumors of the parathyroid glands and are the most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Clinical presentation Patients present with primary hyperparathyroidism: elevated serum calcium levels and elevated serum parathyroid hormone levels. This results in m...
Article

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP)

Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a non-invasive imaging technique to visualize the intra and extrahepatic biliary tree and pancreatic ductal system. It can provide the diagnostic range equivalent to the ERCP and so it can replace the ERCP in high risk patients to avoid sign...
Article

Coracoid process fracture

Coracoid process fractures are an uncommon type of scapular fracture. They do not often occur in isolation and are often associated with acromial, clavicular, or other scapular fracture, as well as glenohumeral dislocation or acromioclavicular joint injury. Epidemiology Coracoid fractures repr...
Article

Pectoral girdle

The pectoral (shoulder) girdle connects the upper limb to the axial skeleton and has a complex set of movements.  Gross anatomy The pectoral girdle comprises of the scapula and clavicle as well as the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints, and the scapulothoracic and suba...
Article

Anti-MOG associated encephalomyelitis

Anti-MOG associated encephalomyelitis represents a group of inflammatory demyelinating disorders united by the presence of IgG antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) that overlap but are distinct from acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), neuromyelitis optica spectrum dis...
Article

Neer classification of clavicle fractures

The Neer classification of clavicular fractures along with the AO classification system is one of the more frequently used classification systems when assessing clavicular fractures. Classification The classification system, broken into five categories communicates both the stability and treat...

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